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12 Correction 1 (1942)

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VOLUME 12                       OSSINING, N. Y.
T HE blast of Sing Sing Prison's siren which for
years sounded a warning that a convict had escapi-
ed, will, during the war's duration, warn Ossining and
the countryside that an air raid is imminent. All of-
ficers will report to the institution at once prepared
to deal with whatever emergency may arise.
Sing Sing is but one of the fourteen institutions
adminislered by the State Department of Correctioii
planning to meet any war situation as a result of in-
structions sent to the head of each institution by Com-
missioner John A. Lyons.
Staff meetings have been held, committees appointed
to deal with specific problems, State al local defense
and police authorities contacted and plans are under
way to cooperate with local communities in caring for
civilians injured or made teumporarily homeless.
Sing Sing Prison, not far from the metropoliia
district and in proximity to several military objectives,
is probably in greater danger than any of the other
institutions. Employees are attending emergency in-
struction courses furinished by the Department. As in
other institutions particular attention is liing given
to maintenance supplies, gas, water, electricity, heal-
ing, emergency housing, fire fighting, etc., Members of
the staff have been detailed by Warden Robert J. Kirby
to attend the Tn-Service Training Course on problems
of correctional institutions during hbutbiardment which
is being conducted by the New York City Department
of Correction.
In the event of destruction of cellblocks or should
they become untenable, temporary homsintg could be
had in the gymnasium, school and chapel buildings.
Should it become necessary to remove inmates of the
Death House it is planned to houst them in the old
Death House or segregation building. Tnmates in the
hospital could be temporarily cared for in the school
In the event a partial evacuation of the institution
is necessary there is room to temporarily house in-
mates until transfer is made. In an emergency it
would be possible to transfer men to the new Green
(Continued on Page 5)



A  T the 71st Annual Congress of the American Prison
Asoviation in San Francisco last August the As-
sociation authorized the formation of a Committee on
Prisons and Nalional Defense. This followed an ad-
dress byv Sain A. Lewisohn of New York, a member of
the Board of Directors of Federal Prison Industries,
Iue., and a member of the New York State Commission
of Correction, in which Mr. Lewisohn, discussing Gear-
ing Prisoners to the Naoimal Defense, proposed the
organization of a so-called Division 31 in every prison
in the country. Memhership in this division, he sugges
led, could be earned by any prisoner who would take
the necessary training to (ualify for a specific place
in the National Defenise Program.
Following the outhreak of the war, G. Howland
Shaw, Assistant Secretary of State, and president of
the American Prison Association, appointed MIr. Lew-
isohn chairman of the Committee on Prisons and Na-
tional Defense. The conimitt ee has communicated with
commissions, heads of departments, wardens and super-
intendents of institutions in the forty-eight states ur-
ging that training programs lie organizedi under qual-
ifying services in Division 3I; that the presentation
and discussion of' demnocratic principles, policies and
ideals lie encouraged aiiong prisoners by inviting pub-
li spirited citizens to aidress them; that courses in
citizensliip- training for alien prisoners who intend to
stai in Ihe IU'nited States after release be organized;
anI that prisoners lie urged to purc.hase defense bonds
wh4re their earnings permit.
Mr. Lewisohn has written to Vice President Henry
A. Wiallae, Chairman of the Economic Defense Board,
suggest illg the exploration of t Ie possibilities of using
tile ian-ipower, eqIpipmienil 1d  exrience of the prison
industries of Ithe various states for lite furtherance of
national defense efforts.
The Federal Prison Industries are making a com-
mendable comntribiition in this direction, Mr. Lewisohn
Wrote. *hlowever, the prison industries of the various
states are restricted by Federal and State laws, and
are hecoimiing increasinigly handicapped by priority
orders. The shutting down of industries is threatened
(Continued on Page 4)


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