15 Copp's Land Owner 1 (1888-1889)

handle is hein.journals/coplndow19 and id is 1 raw text is: COPP'S LAND OWNER.
VOL. XV.           WASHINGTON, D. C., APRIL 1, 1888.   No. 1.

THE LAND-OWNER presents its
readers- with an excellent like-
ness of Assistant Commissioner
S. M. Stockslager, who has been
nominated by the President as
Commissioner of the General
Land Office. The only fault to
be found with this likeness is in
the unnatural color of the hair
and beard, as Commissioner
Stockslager is of a nervous-san-
guine temperament.
The land service is heartily
congratulated on this evidence
of the President's wisdom in se-
lecting so able, energetic and
honest a man for this responsible
position of Commissioner of the
General Land Office. There are
few offices under the government
that control so many employees,
and none that are more impor-
taut. The salary of the Commis-
sioner ought to be at least $6,000,
in view of his quasi judicial, as
well as ministerial duties, whichf
are onerous and exacting.
The new Commissioner was
born in Indiana in 1842, passed
through the common schools and
the State University at Bloom-
ington; taught school for a brief
period; was a gallant officer of
the 13th Indiana Cavalry, and re.


ceived promotion for his bravery
and meritorious services; was
appointed Assessor of Internal
Revenue by President Andrew
Johnson; studied law and was
admitted to the Bar in 1871, in
Corydon, where lie has since
resided. Has had considerable
newspaper experience, having
edited the Corydon Democrat.
Was elected as Representative
to the Forty-seventh Congress,
and re-elected  to the Forty-
eighth, and refused a nomination
to the Fiftieth Congress. He is
very popular in Indiana, and that
State may insist on sending him
to the United States Senate.
Since his entry into the Gen-
eral Land Office in 1885 as As-
sistant Commissioner, he has de-
monstrated his entire fitness for
the position of Commissioner.
His executive ability is acknowl-
edged. He is firm yet affable,
and studies carefully before pro-
mulgating his views. He is con-
siderate and sympathetic with his
subordinates, but will not toler-
ate any abuses. His honesty is
beyond reproach, and, aided by
the experience of his predeces-
sor, he will make his administra-
tion a shining success.

On the last page of this issue of the
LAND OWNER will be found some interest-
ing tables showing the cast per acre of
entering public lands. From these tables
we take the following figures:
Acres disposed of Appropriation
Year.     exclusive of     for clerical
filings,        service.
1875 .         7,070,271         $224,560
1876 .         6,524,326          225,560
1877 .         4,849,767         227,864
1878 .         8,686,178          213,640
1879.          9,333,383         220,360
1880.         14,792,371         273, 220
1881.         10,893,097         273,220
1882 -        14,309,166         312,820
1883 .        19,430,032         373,856
1884..        27.531,170         411,650
1885          20,995,515         484,850
1886 .        22,124, 563        484,850
1887 .        25,858,038         481,406
1888. ...  ......... .           481,050
The object of presenting     the above
table is to demonstrate the pressing need
of a largely increased clerical force in the
General Land Office, and we trust that Our

contemporaries, and all interested will join
us in urging upon Congress this self-evi-
dent fact.
The present blockade in the Land De-
partment was caused by the disposal of
27,000,000 acres in 1884.  Instead of
$650,000 for a clerical force sufficient to
handle the enormous business, only $484,.
850 was appropriated for 1885. Here was
blunder No. 1, which cannot be charged
to the present administration. But in the
following year, instead of remedying this
mistake, there was no increase in the ap-
propriation, and a considerable part of the
clerical force was employed in re-examin-
ing the work done in previous years.
This error of the first year of the new
administration ought to have been discov-
ered during the second year. On the con-
trary, notwithstanding more than twenty-
two millions of acres had been disposed
of, the appropriation was actually reduced !
In the following year, notwithstanding
nearly 26,000,000 had been disposed of,
(about four millions more than during
the previous year), the appropriation for
1888 was, strange to say, still further re-

ducedI Whether these serious mistakes
shall be charged to Congress or to the
General Land Office, the lamentable fact
remains that a very large increase in the
clerical force of the General Land Office
is needed to bring up the back work.
We believe Commissioner Stockslager
appreciates the fact that the people of this
country judge an administration by what
it accomplishes. The amount of business
well done is the standard, not how cheaply
Register and Receiver, Bloomington, Nebraska,
March 13, 1888.
The local officers have no power to can-
cel private cash entries, the relinquish-
ment of which must be referred to this
office for action. In regard to pre-emp-
tion, homestead or timber-culture entries,
you will be governed by the 1st section of
Act of May 14, 1880. Under the decision

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