About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

30 Const. F. 1 (2021)

handle is hein.journals/consfo30 and id is 1 raw text is: Toronto's 2018 Municipal Election, Rights
of Democratic Participation, and Section
2(b) of the Charter
Jamie Cameron & Bailey Fox*
I. Introduction
In 2018, the City of Toronto's municipal election overlapped with a provincial election that
brought a new government to office. While the municipal election ran for a protracted period
from May 1 to October 22, the provincial election began on May 9 and ended about four weeks
later, on June 7.1 On July 27, after only a few weeks in office, the provincial government tabled
the Better Local Government Act (BLGA) and proclaimed the Bill into law on August 14.2 The
BLGA reduced Toronto City Council from 47 to 25 wards and reset the electoral process, man-
dating that the election proceed under a different concept of representation for City Council.3
The provincial government's reorganization of City Council both ambushed and com-
mandeered an ongoing democratic process. Though municipal reform was not part of its cam-
paign platform, the government reconstituted City Council just a few short weeks after its
* Jamie Cameron (Professor Emerita, Osgoode Hall Law School); Bailey Fox (J.D. 2019, Osgoode Hall Law
School). Professor Cameron is counsel for the Centre for Free Expression (CFE) on the appeal in City of
Toronto v. Ontario at the Supreme Court of Canada. Though this article is independent of and may not
represent the views of the CFE, we thank Dr. James Turk, Executive Director of the CFE, for reading and
commenting on a draft of this article.
1 Office of the Premier, Ontario Election on June 7, 2018 (8 May 2018), online: Ontario Newsroom <https://
2 SO 2018, c 11 [BLGA].
3 Ibid, s 128(3) (providing that the 2018 municipal election shall be conducted as if the 25-ward division of
the City was already in effect).

Constitutional Forum constitutionnel


What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most