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33 Conn. J. Int'l L. 279 (2017-2018)
Maps Serving as Facts or Law in International Law

handle is hein.journals/conjil33 and id is 304 raw text is: 

                       INTERNATIONAL LAW

                            William Thomas  Worster


     Maps  are often used as evidence in international relations, but their function
 can be much broader.  In fact, their function can include proving facts, establishing
 legal relations and even creating new law. Maps can be used as evidence for both
 questions oflaw and questions offact. Maps can prove the existence ofa geographic
feature but can also help determine what, if any, legal obligations might exist based
on  those geographic features. Maps themselves can be legal acts - the creation of a
map   itself can be a legal act, and legal obligations can flow from the features
included in the map. This paper will consider the role of maps as evidence offacts,
evidence ofnormativity, evidence ofnormative content, legal facts, elements oflegal
acts, and self-contained legal acts.


     * Senior Lecturer, International Law, The Hague University of Applied Sciences, The Hague, The
Netherlands; Ph.D. candidate in International Law, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The
Netherlands; LL.M. (Adv.) in Public International Law, cum laude, Leiden University, Leiden, The
Netherlands; J.D., Chicago-Kent College of Law, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois; B.A.,
Modem  European History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.

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