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47 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/compls47 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Article
                                             Comparative Political Studies
                                             2014,Vol 47(1) 3-29
HavingYour@TheAuthor(s) 2012
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                                             DOI: 10.1177/0010414012439184
Opportunity           and Tactical           cps.sagepub.com

Choice in Anti-GMO                           OSAGE

Campaigns in France and

the United Kingdom




Brian   Doherty' and Graeme Hayes



Abstract
Investigating the recent direct action campaigns against genetically modified
crops in France and the United Kingdom, the authors set out to under-
stand how  contrasting judicial systems and cultures affect the way that ac-
tivists choose to commit ostensibly illegal actions and how they negotiate
the trade-offs between effectiveness and public accountability. The authors
find evidence that prosecution outcomes across different judicial systems
are consistent and relatively predictable and consequently argue that the
concept of a judicial opportunity structure is useful for developing schol-
ars' understanding of social movement trajectories. The authors also find
that these differential judicial opportunities cannot adequately account for
the tactical choices made by activists with respect to the staging of covert
or overt direct action; rather, explanations of tactical choice are better ac-
counted for by movement  ideas, cultures, and traditions.


Keywords
social movements, prosecution, judicial systems, tactical choice, GMOs

iKeele University, Keele, UK
21nstitut d'Etudes Politiques de Rennes, Rennes, France

Corresponding Author:
Graeme Hayes, School of Languages & Social SciencesAston University, UK / CNRS, Centre
de recherche sur I'action politique en Europe, Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Rennes, 104 bd
de la Duchesse Anne, 35700 Rennes, France.
Email: graeme.hayes@sciencespo-rennes.fr

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