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45 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/compls45 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Articles
                                                     Comparative Political Studies
                                                                 45(1) 3-31I
Democracy                                                 @The Author(s) 2012
                                                        Reprints and permission:
Pro motion, Civil                               sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                  DOI: 10. 1177/0010414010365998
Society       Building,                                   http://cps.sagepub.com

and the Primacy                                                OSAGE

of   Politics




Manal A. Jamal'



Abstract
Since  1991, Western   bilateral and multilateral democracy   promotion
assistance, especially for civil society development, has increased dramatically.
Much  of the literature that assesses the impact of this assistance has focused
on  either direct recipients in civil society or macro transformations, with
minimal  systematic analysis of how  developments  in civil society unfold.
This article argues that political settlements shape the impact of Western
civil society building initiatives. The inclusivity of political settlements can
determine  who  receives funding and who does  not and also influences the
representativeness of political institutions. In contexts with noninclusive
political settlements, where certain groups are excluded from the settlement
and the settlement  enjoys minimal support, democracy  promotion   efforts
are more  likely to exacerbate polarization, thereby weakening the quality of
civil society. Examining the women's sector of civil society in the Palestinian
territories and El Salvador, this article illustrates the primacy of political
settlements and the  limitations of civil society building in contexts where
certain actors are excluded from the onset.




'James Madison University, Harrisonburg,VA

Corresponding Author:
Manal A.JamalJames Madison University, Department of Political Science, MSC 7705,
Harrisonburg,VA 22807
Email: jamalma@jmu.edu

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