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41 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (2008)

handle is hein.journals/compls41 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                                                                 January\ 2008 3-23
                                                             ' 00SXag Publications
What Unites Right-Wing                                     101  11414006294168
Populists in Western                                                    busted at

Re-Examining Grievance Mobilization
Models in Seven Successful Cases

Elisabeth  Ivarsflaten
Nuffield College, University of Oxford,, United Kingdom

   Unlike for the green party family, no empirically backed scholarly consensus
   exists about the grievances mobilized by populist right parties in Western
   Europe. To the contrary, three competing grievance mobilization models can
   be distinguished in the existing literature. These models focus on grievances
   arising from economic changes, political elitism and corruption, and immi-
   gration. This study discusses these three grievance mobilization models and
   tests them on comparable cross-sectional survey data for all seven relevant
   countries using multinomial probit analysis. The study finds that no populist
   right party performed well in elections around 2002 without mobilizing
   grievances over immigration. However, it finds several examples of populist
   right parties experiencing electoral success without mobilizing grievances
   over economic changes or political elitism and corruption. This study there-
   fore solves a long-standing disagreement in the literature by comprehen-
   sively showing that only the appeal on the immigration issue unites all
   successful populist right parties.

   Keywords: political  parties; populist right; immigration; grievance mobi-
                lization; Western Europe; multinomial probit

In  the 1980s  and 1990s, the electoral successes of populist right parties fun-
   damentally  altered the party systems of at least half of Western Europe's
democracies.   It is therefore understandable that this group of parties has

Author's Note: For their valuable assistance with the preparation of this article, the author would
like to thank Christopher Anderson, Scott Blinder, Cees van der Eijk, Geoffrey Evans, Steve
Fisher, Anthony Heath, Sara Binzer Hobolt, Allistair McMillan, David Rueda, Colin Provost,
and three anonymous reviewers. The data were made available online by the Norwegian Social
Science Data Services. The author alone is responsible for the analysis presented.


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