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33 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (2000)

handle is hein.journals/compls33 and id is 1 raw text is: 

















   Referendums have received increasing attention after the recent round of votes on the Maastricht
   treaty and the widening process of the European Union. Despite this increased interest in these
   instruments of decision making, scholarship has not provided us with insights into the relation-
   ship between the institutional characteristics and voter's decision. The authors provide a theo-
   retical argument on how the voter's choice is affected by the nature of the referendum. Relevant
   factors are whether the referendum is required, whether the people's decision has a binding char-
   acter, or which government coalition is presently in power. These institutional features mediate
   the impact of political factors, above all partisanship, on voting behavior. The authors test their
   theoretical arguments on the basis of empirical material from 14 referendums on European inte-
   gration and find consistent support for their theoretical contentions.






                                           REFERENDUMS ON

                              EUROPEAN INTEGRATION

                                       Do Institutions Matter in

                                             the   Voter's Decision?




                                                                SIMON HUG
                                         University   of Geneva,   Switzerland

                                                        PASCAL SCIARINI
                                           Universities  of Basel  and  Geneva





   R ecently, referendums have attracted increased attention in the schol-
        arly community.   Several popular decisions  on European  integration in
   the aftermath of the Maastricht treaty and the recent wave of additions to the
   European  Union  (EU)  are the basis of this interest. Scholarly work on refer-
   endums   can be classified into two broad categories. First, one finds detailed
   country-specific analyses of direct democratic votes. Most prominent  among



   AUTHORS'  NOTE:  This is a heavily revised version ofa paper presented at the European Con-
   sortiumfor Political Research (ECPR) Joint Sessions of Workshops Bordeaux, April 27th-May
   2nd, 1995; the Congrts suisse de science politique Bern, October 1995; and at the Colloquium
   series of the Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva. We wish to thank participants
)COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES,   Vol. 33 No. 1, February 2000 3-36
   © 2000 Sage Publications, Inc.


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