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3 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (1970-1971)

handle is hein.journals/compls3 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                IN CROSS-NATIONAL


                                           MICHAEL HAAS

MICHAEL   HAAS  is presently an Associate Professor of Political Science
at the University of Hawaii. He has many  forthcoming publications,
including the following books: International Conflict (Bobbs-Merrill);
Statistics (Northwestern); Behavioral and International Relations (Chand-
ler); and Philosophy and Political Science (coauthored with Paul F.


WHAT   ARE  THE   main dimensions of social and political reality? For a
geometrician, length, breadth, and thickness are the main dimensions; a
physicist, meanwhile, would specify mass, distance, time, and electric
charge as major dimensions of his phenomenal world. But the statements
of geometricians and physicists would lack adequate logical and empiri-
cal foundation: the primacy of the three Euclidean dimensions and the
four  mechanical  dimensions has been  merely presupposed and  has
proven  pragmatically useful, though, of course, the dimensions of time
and  electric charge have been discovered as vital only in our own
century  (Feigl, 1967). By what logic, then, will the social scientist
establish dimensions? How can he claim universality for a set of dimen-
sions whose  operational measures must be included in a complete set of
equations, particularly when he  would  prefer openness in systems?
Physical  reality, after all, has been regarded as composed of closed
systems  without offending the morality of mankind, though modern-day
ecologists have pointed out that previous conceptions of the natural
world  have been too closed, and advocates of religion have felt as well

AUTHOR'S NOTE: For research  support in this project I am grateful to the
  University of Hawaii and Northwestern University computing centers. Data were
  collected with the assistance of Mr. Richard Winters, and data processing at several
  stages was handled by Mr. Frank Ahern.

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