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18 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (1985-1986)

handle is hein.journals/compls18 and id is 1 raw text is: 



This article argues that the nation-building process in the post-World War II era often
results in changes in the definitions of adolescence and in the status of youth. This happens
because both nation building and economic development have become the responsibilities
of modern states. Using the work of John Meyer and his students (1978, 1979), 1 argue that
these state-sponsored activities are guided by institutional recipes for development that
are embodied in world system ideology. A key component of this ideology is the idea that
rational action results from the activities of appropriately socialized individuals. As a
result, harnessing the motivation of individuals to collective goals becomes a central
concern of modern states. Efforts to do so have produced a number of institutional forms
that have diffused rapidly throughout the periphery, for example, educational expansion.
The adoption of other institutional devices to link individuals to the state depends on the
internal characteristics of national societies. We focus on one such process and develop an
index to measure it: the political incorporation of youth in the state.






                         YOUTH AND THE STATE

                             A   Cross-National Analysis

         of  the   Changing Status of Adolescence



                                               DAVID H. KAMENS
                                         Northern Illinois   University



 L ike childhood, adolescence as a stage in the life   cycle has become
    LAsharply  differentiated from  adulthood.   Psychological  theories,
popular  conceptions   of the adolescent,  and a variety  of institutional
rules (e.g.,juvenile law) all distinguish adolescence from other periods in
the life cycle and  allocate special, distinctive features to it. Much of
psychological  theory, for example,   emphasizes  the pathology   of ado-
lescence as a state of life and views these traits as natural by-products of
the inevitable stresses of this age period (Skolnick, 1975).



AUTHOR'S NOTE: Many of the  ideas developed in this article are derivedfrom the work
of John  Meyer and his colleagues, notably: John Boli-Bennet, Chris Chase-Dunn,
Francisco Ramirez, Richard Rubinson, and Jane Weiss. Iam deeply in their debt for help
COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES,   Vol. 18 No. 1, April 1985 3-36
@  1985 Sage Publications, Inc.
                                                                         3


from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

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