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13 Comp. Pol. Stud. 3 (1980-1981)

handle is hein.journals/compls13 and id is 1 raw text is: 





The study of political socialization has long neglected the influence of adult roles on adult
political belief and behavior, in favor of attention to the supposedly formative experiences
of childhood and adolescence. Similarly. although we have numerous studies of the
background and politicization of the student activists of the 1960s, we have almost no
systematic evidence of how the leftism and activism of their college years has weathered
the transition to adulthood. This article presents a study of the relative effects of adult role
experience-occupation, family, and voluntary associational membership-versus the
enduring influence of college political beliefs and participation on samples of student
activists and nonactivists of the 1960s in the United States and Japan. Citing the
methodological weaknesses of earlier political socialization research, the authors use true
longitudinal data and causal modeling and multivariate data analysis techniques. The
results indicate that, although college identification and behavior continue. to some
extent into adulthood, adult role socialization also had strong and independent effects,
but effects that varied greatly across the two countries. Differences in adult role cultures in
the United States and Japan are used to explain these cross-national variations and their
consequences for patterns of political protest in the two countries.





                  POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION

        OF U.S. AND JAPANESE ADULTS

                      The Impact of Adult Roles on

                                                College Leftism



                                                   ELLIS S. KRAUSS
                                     Western Washington University

                                            JAMES M. FENDRICH
                                              Florida   State  University




T he predominant characteristic of the voluminous literature on
      political socialization is a focus on  childhood   and  adolescence,
with  most  attention  paid  in early studies  to the influence  of agents


AUTHORS'   NOTE:  Parts of the research upon which this article is based werefundedby
grants to Fendrich fron the National Institute of Education and the National Institute of
Mental Health and to Krauss fron a National Defense Foreign Language Fellowship and

COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES, Vol.   13. No. I April 1980 3-32
@ 1980 Sage Publications. Inc.
                                                                          3

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