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50 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. [i] (2016-2017)

handle is hein.journals/collsp50 and id is 1 raw text is: 


               SOCIAL PROBLEMS
Volume   50                   Number 1                       Fall 2016
      Copyright C 2016 by the Columbia Journal ofLaw and Social Problems, Inc.

  DEM  OCRATIC     IDEAL.......................................................................... 1
  This Note will explore the implications of recent charter school legislation on
  democratic principles in the context of public education. In 2015, the
  Washington Supreme  Court held, in League of Women Voters of Washington u.
  State, that charter schools are not common  schools. Thus, the court
  proscribed the application of state funds designated for common schools
  towards supporting charter schools. Part II provides background on the
  development of charter schools and describes the Washington Supreme Court's
  decision in League of Women Voters, particularly the Court's reliance on its
  1909  interpretation of the Washington constitution's common schools
  principle in School District No. 20 v. Bryan, as well as the legislative response
  to League of Women  Voters and subsequent lawsuit. Part III argues that
  evolving views of school governance necessitate a reading of the Bryan
  requirements that is more sensitive to the democratic ideals of participation,
  deliberation, and accountability underlying Bryan. Recognizing the League of
  Women  Voters interpretation of Bryan as the only appropriate means of voter
  control of public schools would have harmful and far-reaching effects not
  contemplated by the Bryan court on public schools across the United States.
  Part IV challenges whether a system of state-authorized charter schools can
  achieve the democratic ideal, and ultimately offers a portfolio of school options
  as one possible democratic solution.

  CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.................................................... 45
  In February 2015, the Correctional Association of New York released a report
  studying the quality of and access to reproductive health care for incarcerated
  women  and found that [o]verall . . . reproductive health care for women in
  New York State prisons is woefully substandard, with women routinely facing
  poor-quality care and assaults on their basic human dignity and reproductive
  rights. The findings of this and other studies provide concrete evidence of the
  poor quality of reproductive health care available to incarcerated women and
  signal to legislatures that these policies should be changed.

  Incarcerated women  face three issues of particular concern relating to
  reproductive health care: access to gynecological examinations, sanitary
  supplies, and contraception. The purpose of this Note is to examine New York
  State policies addressing reproductive health care for incarcerated women,
  identify problems with them, and make recommendations for reform. This
  Note will examine current policies and practices of New York State correctional
  facilities that address gynecological examinations, sanitary supplies, and
  contraception, and assess why these policies are problematic from both legal
  and medical perspectives. Furthermore, it will recommend bringing New
  York's policies in line with legal, medical, and international standards as a
  strategy for reform. Finally, it will advocate for using existing federal and
  state programs including Title X to provide funding for reproductive care both
  prior to and after release.

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