32 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 625 (2000-2001)
Rape and Forced Pregnancy under the ICC Statute: Human Dignity, Autonomy, and Consent

handle is hein.journals/colhr32 and id is 633 raw text is: RAPE AND FORCED PREGNANCY
UNDER THE ICC STATUTE:
HUMAN DIGNITY, AUTONOMY,
AND CONSENT
by Kristen Boon*
I.   INTRODU  CTION  .............................................................................. 626
II.  SEXUAL ATROCITIES AS INTERNATIONAL CRIMES ......................... 631
A. Special Characteristics of Assaults in Conflict Situations .631
B. Rape and Forced Pregnancy as Crimes Under the ICC
S tatu te  ................................................................................... 634
III. WHEREIN LIES THE HARM? CULTURAL
CONTROVERSIES AND THE LAW MAKING PROCESS ....................... 637
A. The Influence of Municipal Criminal Laws ......................... 637
B .  The  Legal H arm s ................................................................... 641
IV .  R APE  ............................................................................................ 644
A. The Genesis of the ICC Elements of Rape ........................... 644
V.   FORCE   AND  NON-CONSENT     ......................................................... 650
A. Standards Applicable in Conflict Situations ....................... 650
B. The Legal Relevance of Consent .......................................... 654
VI.  FORCED   PREGNANCY     ................................................................... 655
A. Background to the Criminalization of Forced Pregnancy ..656
B. The Negotiations on the Forced Pregnancy Provision ........ 658
B.A. (Hon.), McGill University (1994); M.A, McGill University (1996); J.D.,
New York University School of Law (2000); currently a Litigation Associate at De-
bevoise & Plimpton in New York City. I would like to thank Kelly Dawn Askin, Hilary
Charlesworth, Valerie Oosterveld, Philippe Sands, and Ned Morgan for their com-
ments on earlier drafts of this Article. I would also like to acknowledge the generous
support of the American Association for University Women for this research in the
form of an International Fellowship.

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