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42 Comp. Lab. L. & Pol'y J. 187 (2021)
Mapping Menstrual Leave Legislation and Policy Historically and Globally: A Labor Entitlement to Reinforce, Remedy, or Revolutionize Gender Equality at Work?

handle is hein.journals/cllpj42 and id is 199 raw text is: MAPPING MENSTRUAL LEAVE LEGISLATION
AND POLICY HISTORICALLY AND GLOBALLY:
A LABOR ENTITLEMENT TO REINFORCE,
REMEDY, OR REVOLUTIONIZE GENDER
EQUALITY AT WORK?
Marian Baird, Elizabeth Hill, Sydney Colussit
I. INTRODUCTION
Women's participation in the labor market continues to be of interest to
governments in most nations, yet it is widely acknowledged that women do
not participate on equal terms or with equal outcomes to men.1 While gender
and cultural norms are important determinants of women's labor market
experience, institutional arrangements, and particularly formal labor law,
also have a significant influence in shaping women's work life. Over 2.7
billion women across the world are legally restricted from having the same
choice of jobs as men. Amongst the 189 economies assessed by the World
Bank in 2018, 104 economies were found to have laws preventing women
from working in specific jobs, while 59 economies have no laws on sexual
harassment in the workplace and, in 18 economies, husbands can legally
prevent their wives from working.2 While these and other laws remain a
critical focus in achieving gender equality at work, and have received
t Professor Marian Baird, Head of the Discipline of Work and Organisational Studies, the University of
Sydney Business School. Email: marian.baird@sydney.edu.au; Associate Professor Elizabeth Hill,
Department of Political Economy, the University of Sydney. Email: elizabeth.hill@sydney.edu.au;
Sydney Colussi, Department of Work and Organisational Studies, the University of Sydney Business
School. Email: sydney.colussi@sydney.edu.au.
1. INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION, WORLD EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL OUTLOOK
TRENDS FOR WOMEN 2018 - GLOBAL SNAPSHOT (2018), http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---
dgreports/-dcomm/- pubdocuments/publication/wcms_619577.pdf; MCKINSEY GLOBAL INSTITUTE,
THE POWER OF PARITY: HOW ADVANCING WOMEN'S EQUALITY CAN ADD $12 TRILLION TO GLOBAL
GROWTH (Sept. 2015), https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/employment-and-growth/how-
advancing-womens-equality-can-add-12-trillion-to-global-growth.
2. WORLD BANK. WOMEN. BUSINESS AND THE LAW (2018), https://wbl.worldbank.org/en/reports.

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