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8 Crim. Just. Pol'y Rev. 5 (1997)

handle is hein.journals/cjpr8 and id is 1 raw text is: 



CJPR, VOL. 8, NO. 1/97, pp. 5-23
©IUP




Most Important Drug Programs in Small Cities
and Towns: Orientations, Funding, and Criteria
of Success

M. Joan McDermott
    Southern Illinois University at Carbondale


Abstract

This paper uses data from a national survey of small cities and towns in the
United States to examine anti-drug initiatives. The paper presents a typology
of most important drug programs in these communities, and then examines
their orientations, sources of funding, and criteria of success.



Introduction

    By examining drug programs in small municipalities in the United States,
this paper contributes to the literature on anti-drug efforts in an important way.
Most knowledge about programs to combat drug abuse and drug-related crime
results from studies conducted in large urban areas, for example, those report-
ed in Davis, Lurigio, and Rosenbaum (1993), Tonry and Wilson (1990), and
MacKenzie and Uchida (1994). Yet, differences between large and small cities
in drug problems and appropriate responses to those problems may be pro-
found.
    Drug use in rural America has been assessed (Edwards 1992) and concern
has been expressed about the delivery of drug treatment and law enforcement
services outside of large cities, although this has usually been in terms of the
unique needs of rural (as opposed to small city and town) populations.
Similarly, rural crime and rural policing have been the focus of recent research
(Weisheit 1992; Weisheit, Falcone and Wells 1994). However, little is known
about drug problems or attempts to address them in small cities and towns of
the United States.
    Several questions arise with respect to drug programs in the small munic-
ipalities. What types of drug programs are viewed as important by residents
of small cities and towns? What are the programs' priorities? How are the pro-

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