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27 Crim. Just. Pol'y Rev. 3 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/cjpr27 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Article

                                                            Criminal Justice Policy Review
                                                                 2016, Vol. 27(l)3-21
Psychiatric                                                   © 2014 SAGE Publications
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Deinstitutionalization                 and             sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                         DOI: 10.1 177/0887403414547043
Prison      Population          Growth: A                            cjp.sagepub.com

Critical Literature Review and                                         *SAGE
Its Implications




Dae-Young Kim'




Abstract
A substantial amount of research has been devoted to explaining the reasons behind
the unprecedented explosion of U.S. prison populations. While the majority of prior
studies related imprisonment to four factors-specifically crimes, changes in the
labor markets, politics, and demographic changes-other relevant factors have not
received as much attention. In the historical context of decreases in mental hospital
populations resulting from psychiatric deinstitutionalization, imprisonment rates have
skyrocketed nationwide since the late I 970s. This inverse relationship between both
trends has called for prior research that empirically examines the impact of mental
hospitalization on imprisonment, especially through the criminalization of mental
illness. However, empirical findings are equivocal in general at the aggregate level.
This article conducts a comprehensive and critical literature review, discusses the
important conceptual and methodological limitations of the existing literature, and
finally provides guidance for future research.


Keywords
jail/prison, mental hospital, psychiatric deinstitutionalization, trans-institutionalization,
social control


Introduction

Over the past three decades, there has been a large and growing amount of scholarly
attention devoted toward explaining the reasons behind the unprecedented growth of


'State University of New York-Buffalo State, USA

Corresponding Author:
Dae-Young Kim, Assistant Professor, Criminal Justice Department, State University of New York-Buffalo
State, 1300 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo, NY 14222, USA.
Email: kimd@buffalostate.edu

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