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15 Crim. Just. Pol'y Rev. 3 (2004)

handle is hein.journals/cjpr15 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Drug and Alcohol Involvement

Among Minority and

Female Juvenile Offenders:

Treatment and Policy Issues

Steven Belenko
University of Pennsylvania

Jane B. Sprott
University of Guelph

Courtney Petersen
Columbia University

   Substance abuse and its consequences have had an important impact on the juvenile
   justice system, but relatively little attention has been paid to assessing and treating
   juvenile offenders for substance-related problems. Female and minority youth have
   been particularly affected: Most young female offenders have some substance
   involvement, yet juvenile justice-based treatment interventions are scarce. Second,
   minority overrepresentation occurs at all stages of the juvenile justice system; minor-
   ity youth are treated more severely, and minority drug offenders in particular are at
   increased risk offormal handling, detention, and custody placement. Increased atten-
   tion is needed to implement effective treatment and prevention programs that are gen-
   der and culturally specific and that target known risk factors. The authors describe
   some of the key elements and policies needed to reduce the impact of current juvenile
   justice policies on substance-involved girls and minorities and to overcome barriers
   to providing more effective treatment and related services for these populations.

   Keywords: adolescents; juvenile offenders; substance abuse treatment; adolescent
             substance abuse

Substance abuse and its consequences have had a dramatic impact on the
nation's juvenile justice system in recent years. Most youthful offenders
have been involved with drugs or alcohol from an early age. Compounding
the large juvenile justice caseloads related to substance abuse has been ever-

Criminal Justice Policy Review, Volume 15, Number 1, March 2004 3-36
DOI: 10.1177/0887403403255068
© 2004 Sage Publications

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