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31 Can. J.L. & Soc. 87 (2016)
Canada's Strategy of Dispossession: Aboriginal Land and Rights Cessions in Comprehensive Land Claims

handle is hein.journals/cjls31 and id is 93 raw text is: 

  f           Canada's Strategy of Dispossession:
              Aboriginal Land and Rights Cessions in
              Comprehensive Land Claims

                                                           Colin Samson

This paper offers a sociological interpretation of the Canadian Comprehensive
Land Claims (CLC) process, arguing that CLC is a strategy used by the state
to dispossess Aboriginal peoples. CLC does this through leveraging the cession of
Aboriginal rights and the relinquishing of indigenous lands. Drawing upon
the ongoing Innu Nation Tshash Petapen ('New Dawn') agreement, I examine
four related aspects of the process and the agreement which operate to dispos-
sess the Innu: (1) the undemocratic social and political contexts in which
agreement is elicited, (2) the depletion of Aboriginal rights of the indigenous
party, (3) the depletion of indigenous lands, and (4) the creation of wealth and
debt. Finally, I will interpret these processes as building on social changes inflicted
on the Innu. These are characterized by imposed law and the state of exception.

Keywords: comprehensive land claims, dispossession, certainty, cession, Innu
Nation, extinguishment, imposed law

Cet article pr~sente une interpretation sociologique du processus canadien de
revendications territoriales globales (Comprehensive Land Claims, CLC).
L'auteur avance que le CLC est une strat~gie employee par l'Ltat pour d~pouiller
les peuples autochtones, en exploitant les cessions des droits et des territoires
autochtones ancestraux. En se fondant sur le processus d'accord « New Dawn >
avec la Nation innu Tshash Petapen, l'auteur examine quatre aspects interreli~s
du processus de n~gociation et de l'accord qui se conjuguent pour d~pouiller
les Innus: (1) les contextes social et politique antid~mocratiques dans lesquels
cet accord est arrach6 aux Innus, (2) l'extinction des droits ancestraux de la
partie autochtone, (3) l'&puisement des territoires ancestraux autochtones et
(4) la creation de richesse et de dette. Enfin, l'auteur offre une interpretation
sociologique de ces processus, selon laquelle ceux-ci se fondent sur des change-
ments impos~s aux Innus, sur un syst~me de droit 6tranger 6galement impos6
et sur l'tat d'exception.

Mots cls : revendications territoriales globales, d~pouillement, certitude, cession,
Nation Innu, extinction, droit impos6

Canadian Journal of Law and Society / Revue Canadienne Droit et Societe, 2016,
Volume 31, no. 1, pp. 87 110. doi:10.1017/cls.2016.2

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