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44 Colum. J.L. & Arts 1 (2020-2021)

handle is hein.journals/cjla44 and id is 1 raw text is: Minimum and Maximum Protection Under International
Copyright Treaties
Jane C. Ginsburg*
Introduction....................................................................................................1
I. The Two Pillars of International Copyright Treaties.................................2
A. Meanings of Minima and Maxima........................................3
B. Policy Underlying Berne Maxima and Its Preclusive Effect.......7
II. Berne/TRIPS/WCT Maxima Applied: The Case of the DSM Directive
Article 15 Press Publishers' Right ......................................................8
A. Why Create a Press Publishers' Right? .......................................9
B. Does DSM Directive Article 15 Bestow Copyright Protection on
Berne-Excluded Subject Matter?...............................................10
C. May the EU Protect Berne-Adjacent Subject Matter Through Sui
Generis Systems?.......................................................................13
III. Even Were a Sui Generis Right in Berne-Excluded Subject Matter
Permissible, Must Exceptions To that Right Be Interpreted Co-
Extensively with the Berne Article 10(1) Quotation Right?.............15
IV. Conclusion ............................................................................................18
INTRODUCTION
This Comment addresses minimum and maximum substantive international
protections set out in the Berne Convention and subsequent multilateral copyright
accords. While much scholarship has addressed Berne minima,' the maxima have
*   Morton L. Janklow Professor of Literary & Artistic Property Law, Columbia Law School.
Many thanks for comments and suggestions to Lionel Bently, Annette Kur, and James Parrish, and for
excellent research assistance to Eric Speckhard, Columbia Law School, Class of 2020.
1. See, e.g., SAM RICKETSON & JANE C. GINSBURG, INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT AND
NEIGHBOURING RIGHTS: THE BERNE CONVENTION AND BEYOND ch. 8-12, at 399-754 (2d ed. 2006);
SILKE VON LEWINSKI, INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT LAW AND POLICY ¶¶ 5.94-5.147 (2008); PAUL
GOLDSTEIN & BERNT HUGENHOLZ, INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT: PRINCIPLES, LAW, PRACTICE ch. 9, at
303-56 (3d ed. 2013); Paul Edward Gellar, International Copyright:  The Introduction, in 1
INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT LAW AND PRACTICE INT-1, § 5, at INT-139 to -188 (Lionel Bently ed.,
2018), https://perma.cc/4FAX-QNU6.
© 2020 Ginsburg. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License, which permits noncommercial use,
distribution, and reproduction, provided the original author and source are credited, and the
article is not changed.

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