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31 Colum. J.L. & Arts 91 (2007-2008)
Time's Up: Copyright Termination, Work-for-Hire and the Recording Industry

handle is hein.journals/cjla31 and id is 99 raw text is: Time's Up: Copyright Termination, Work-For-Hire and the
Recording Industry
Daniel Gould*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. The Recording Industry ..................................................................... 93
A. Record Labels Have Incentives to Challenge Termination
A ttem pts ................................................................................  93
B. Deal Structures Between Artists, Producers, Labels and
O ther  Contributors ................................................................ 94
C. Work-for-Hire Contracts - Who Owns the Recording? ...... 96
D. Sound Recording Copyrights ................................................ 97
II. Copyright Termination and the Work-for-hire Exception ................. 98
A. The Copyright Termination Provisions ................................. 98
B. Purpose of the Termination Provisions .................................... 100
C. The Work-for-Hire Exception .................................................. 102
D. Interpreting Work-for-Hire in Light of the 1976 Copyright
A ct Legislative   H istory  ........................................................... 105
1. The Evolution of the Statutory Language .......................... 105
2. The Commissioned Works Compromise ........................... 107
E. 1999 Amendment and Repeal ................................................... 108
III. Termination of Sound Recording Grants ........................................... 108
A. Are Artists Employees Under Reid? ........................................ 109
1. Artists and Record Labels .................................................. 109
2. A New Factor? California State Law and Restraints on
E m ploym   ent ...................................................................... 111
B. Are Producers Employees Under Reid? ................................... 112
C. Chained Agreements, Work-for-Hire Transfers and Hybrid
W  ork-for-H  ire  ......................................................................... 114
1.  Chained   A greem  ents .......................................................... 114
2. Interpreting the Work-for-Hire Termination Exclusion ..... 114
D . Joint  A uthorship  ........................................................................ 117
* J.D. Candidate, Columbia Law School, 2007. I would like to thank the following people for
their editing assistance: Professor Jane Ginsburg, Judge Ronald M. Gould, Diana Dellamere, and the
staff of the JLA.

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