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23 Cardozo J. Int'l & Comp. L. 295 (2014-2015)
Copy and Paste: Transplanting International HIV/AIDS Model Laws into African Countries

handle is hein.journals/cjic23 and id is 333 raw text is: ARTICLE

COPY AND PASTE: TRANSPLANTING
INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS MODEL LAWS INTO
AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Maya Berinzon*
ABSTRACT
There has been a recent increase in legislative and
regulatory frameworks to govern HIV in Africa. This includes rules
on when and how a health practitioner may disclose the HIV status
of a patient to a spouse or sexual partner. In balancing the right to
privacy against a doctor's duty of care, two international model
laws have emerged, and have been wholly or partially copied by a
number of African countries. This paper questions the usefulness of
such model laws as legal transplants in national legislatures through
an analysis of the regulations developed in thirty-eight African
countries.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A B STRA CT  ............................................................................................ 295
I. IN TRO DUCTION  .................................................................................. 296
II. HIV/AIDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA .............................................. 298
III.  PARTNER  N OTIFICATION  ................................................................. 300
A. Defining  Partner Notification ............................................... 300
B. International Partner Notification Models ............................ 303
C. National Partner Notification Models ................................... 305
D. Trends of Partner Notification Laws in Africa ..................... 307
1. Countries with an Affirmative Duty to Disclose Only
on the Part of the HIV-Positive Person ......................... 308
2. Countries That Conditionally Allow Physicians to
D isclose  H IV   Status ...................................................... 309
3. Countries that Create a Duty for Seropositive People
and Physicians to Disclose HIV Status ......................... 313
E. Patterns in African Partner Notification Laws ...................... 314
IV. TRANSPLANTING PARTNER NOTIFICATION LAWS INTO AFRICA ....... 315
V . C ONC LUSION  .................................................................................... 32 1

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