23 Cardozo J. Int'l & Comp. L. 197 (2014-2015)
Brew Free or Die: A Comparative Analysis of U.S. and E.U. Craft Beer Regulations

handle is hein.journals/cjic23 and id is 215 raw text is: NOTE

BREW FREE OR DIE? A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
OF U.S. AND E.U. CRAFT BEER REGULATIONS
Tammy Lam*
I. IN TRO DUCTIO N  ..................................................................................  198
II. B EER  IN  SOCIETY  ..............................................................................  199
A .  Beer in  European  Society  ................................................... 201
B. Beer in the United States: Rise, Decline, and Rebirth ........ 202
III. M AJOR  REGULATIONS  ..................................................................... 205
A. Regulation in the United States: Prohibition and the Rise
of the  Three-Tier  System   .................................................... 205
1. Policy Considerations and Legislative Action ............... 206
2. Advantages of the Three-Tier System: Reputation,
Efficiency, and  Stability  ............................................... 208
3. Disadvantages of the Three Tier-System: Systematic
Abuse and Stifling Small Producer Growth ................. 210
4. Bypassing the Three-Tier System: Washington State
as  a  C ase  Study  ............................................................. 2 11
a. Background: Washington as a Control State and
Initiative  1183  ......................................................... 2 12
b. Washington State's Regulatory Regime Today ........ 214
5. Legislative Efforts in Other States ................................. 215
B. Regulation in the European Union ....................................... 218
1. European Union Case Studies: Belgium, Czech
Republic, Germany, and Finland .................................. 220
2. Discriminatory Taxation by Member States .................. 224
IV. IMPACT OF EXISTING REGULATIONS ............................................... 225
A. United States: Constrained Growth, But Innovative
C ollaborations  .................................................................... 226
B. European Union: Continued Growth, But Changing
Preferences  ......................................................................... 228
V. CONCLUSION AND LOOKING FORWARD ............................................ 230

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