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22 Cardozo J. Int'l & Comp. L. 121 (2013-2014)
Protecting the Pachyderm: The Significance of Ivory Trade Regulation for African Elephant Conservation

handle is hein.journals/cjic22 and id is 137 raw text is: NOTE
PROTECTING THE PACHYDERM: THE
SIGNIFICANCE OF IVORY TRADE REGULATION
FOR AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION
Sharon Montazeri*
I.    INTRODUCTION        ..................................... ......1 22
II.   UNDERGROUND INTERNATIONAL TRADE ROUTES ..............1 25
A. The Cultural Significance of Ivory  ............. ..... 125
B. Pathways of Demand        .......................  .....1 26
C. Of Poachers and Smugglers    .......................... 128
III.  REGULATING ILLEGAL IVORY TRADE                .................... 131
A. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species (CITES)      ................................... 131
B. The Ivory Trade Ban of 1989    .................   .....1 32
C. The One-Off Sales....................            .......... 134
IV.   CoP16 PROPOSAL 12............................... 136
A. CoP16 Proposal 12 Proponents              ............ ......... 136
B. Criticisms of CoP16 Proposal 12..............      ...... 137
V.    SUGGESTIONS FOR IVORY TRADE REFORM        .................... 142
A. Moratorium on Ivory Trade                ..................  42
1. Criticisms of Ivory Trade Moratoriums ..     .......... 144
B. Supplemental Nation-Specific Conservation Efforts............ 145
1. Monitoring.     ................................. 146
2. Public Education   ................................ 147
3. Alleviating Human-Elephant Conflict...     ............. 148
4. Improving Security Control  ......................... 150
VI.   CONCLUSION        ........................................ .....1 51
They say that somewhere in Africa the elephants have a secret
grave where they go to lie down, unburden their wrinkled gray
bodies, and soar away, light spirits at the end.
Senior Notes Editor, Cardozo Journal Of International and Comparative Law. Candidate
for Juris Doctor, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, May 2014; B.A. (cum laude), New York
University, May 2011. Thank you to Professor Herz for his invaluable feedback throughout the

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