25 Colum. J. Envtl. L. 283 (2000)
The Underlying Legal Theory to Support a Well-Defined Human Right to a Healthy Environment as a Principle of Customary International Law

handle is hein.journals/cjel25 and id is 289 raw text is: The Underlying Legal Theory to Support a
Well-Defined Human Right to a Healthy
Environment as a Principle of Customary
International Law
John Lee*
I.  Introduction  ................................................................................ 284
II. The Need For a Well-Defined Right to a Healthy
Environm  ent ............................................................................... 287
A. Is a Human Right to a Healthy Environment Needed? ....... 287
1. Environmental Laws of Individual Nations .................. 289
2. Environmental Components of Internationally-
Recognized Human Rights ........................................... 290
3. An Independent, Internationally-Recognized Human
Right to a Healthy Environment ................................... 292
B. Individual Versus Group Expression of a Right to a
Healthy  Environm  ent .......................................................... 293
C. Justiciability, Causation and Liability .................................. 298
III. Sources of International Law in Support of a Right to a
Healthy  Environm  ent .................................................................. 301
IV. Expressions of a Human Right to a Healthy Environment ......... 305
A. The Per Se State of the Right to a Healthy Environment....305
B. The Contextual Development of the Right to a Healthy
Environm  ent ........................................................................ 319
1. The Right to Sustainable Development ......................... 321
2. The Rights of Future Generations ................................. 325
3.  Additional Linkages ...................................................... 328
a. Rights of Indigenous Peoples .................................. 328
b.  Right to  Inform ation  ................................................ 329
c.  Rights  of W om en ..................................................... 329
C .  Sum m ary  ............................................................................. 331
V. A Legal Theory in Support of a Human Right to a Healthy
Environm  ent ................................................................................. 331
A. The Right Must Benefit Recognized Individuals ................ 332
* Research Fellow, Center for International Human Rights, Northwestern University School of Law;
J.D. 1998, DePaul University College of Law; B.S. 1985, M.S. 1988, University of Wisconsin at
Madison.

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