53 Canadian J. Criminology & Crim. Just. 1 (2011)

handle is hein.journals/cjccj53 and id is 1 raw text is: Visible Minorities and Confidence
in the Policel
Liqun Cao
Faculty of Social Science and Humanities,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Il existe peu d'etudes sur la perception publique differentielle de la force
policiere au Canada. En se basant sur l'Enquite sociale generale de 2004 au
Canada, on examine dans l'article l'impact de l'appartenance a une minorite
visible sur la confiance des citoyens dans la force policidre. En harmonie
avec les predictions thdoriques, les resultats d'analyses multidimensionnelles
montrent que le niveau de confiance des membres des minorits visibles etait
inferieur a celui des non-membres mime apres le contrdle des variables liees
aux effets de perceptions, aux contextes communautaires et a la criminalit.
Cet effet minime, mais constant, des minorites visibles souleve des questions
sur les relations raciales au Canada. D'autres facteurs importants et intres-
sants qui contribuent a prevoir la confiance accorde a la force policiere
sont le contexte communautaire, les perceptions et les experiences liees a
la criminalit. Les resultats indiquent que tout le monde n'a pas la mime
confiance dans les forces policieres; des mesures de reforme sont necessaires
pour que les forces policieres arrivent a gagner le cour et la confiance des
minoritis visibles au Canada.
Mots cles : confiance dans la force policiere, minorits visibles, relations
raciales au Canada
Few studies have been conducted about differential public perceptions of the
police in Canada. Based on the 2004 General Social Survey of Canada, this
article examines the impact of belonging to the category visible minorities on
citizens' confidence in the police. Consistent with the theoretical prediction,
results of multivariate analyses show that members of visible minorities had
lower levels of confidence than non-members of visible minorities, even after
the effects of perceptions, community contexts, and crime-related variables
were controlled for. The small but persistent effect of visible minorities raises
questions about race relations in Canada. Other interesting significant
predictors of confidence in the police are community context, perceptions,
and crime experiences. The findings indicate that equal racial confidence in
the police is yet to be achieved and continued reform measures are needed if
the police force is to win the hearts and minds of visible minorities in Canada.
Keywords: confidence in the police, visible minorities, racial relations in

C 2011 CJCCIRCCJP doi:10.31381cjccj.53.1.1

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