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43 Canadian J. Criminology 219 (2001)
Income Inequality and Homicide Rates in Canada and the United States

handle is hein.journals/cjccj43 and id is 227 raw text is: Income inequality and homicide rates in
Canada and the United States0')
Martin Daly
Margo Wilson
Department of Psychology
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario
Shawn Vasdev
Department of Psychology
State University of New York
Stony Brook, USA
Certaines recherches, d~montrant que les in~galit~s des revenus (6tablis
au moyen de l'indice Gini) prdisent (ils sont peut-Ctre meme
d6terminants) les taux d'homicides au niveau national ainsi qu'aux
niveaux des tats et des villes, demeurent peu concluantes parce qu'il
existe une relation n~gative entre les inegalitis 6conomiques et le revenu
moyen. Dans ce texte, les auteurs font 6tat de comparaisons entre les
provinces canadiennes pour tester le Gini et le revenu moyen. Ils ont
trouv6 un rapport positif entre l'indice Gini et le taux d'homicides. Les
changements temporels dans l'indice Gini pr~disent aussi les
changements dans le temps des taux d'homicides au niveau des
provinces. Quand les provinces canadiennes et les 6tats amricains sont
combines, les in~galit4s des revenus au niveau local tendent & expliquer
les taux d'homicides nationaux si diffirents de ces deux pays.
Previous research showing that income inequality (assessed by the Gini
index) is a predictor, and hence a possible determinant, of homicide rates,
whether at the cross-national, state, or city level, has been inconclusive
because of a negative relationship between economic inequity and
average income. Comparison across the Canadian provinces provides a
test case in which average income and the Gini are, instead, positively
correlated, and we find that the positive relationship between the Gini
and the homicide rate is undiminished. Temporal change in the Gini is
also shown to be a significant predictor of temporal change in provincial
homicide rates. When Canadian provinces and U.S. states are considered
Canadian Journal of Criminology  219 to 236
Revue canadienne de criminologie  April/avril 2001

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