43 Canadian J. Criminology 123 (2001)
Making Prisons Safer and More Humane Environments

handle is hein.journals/cjccj43 and id is 127 raw text is: Making prisons safer and more humane
environments(')
Paul Gendreau
and
David Keyes
Centre for Criminal Justice Studies
University of New Brunswick
Saint John, New Brunswick
Le dobat en cours concernant les effets sur les d~tenus de divers aspects
de la vie carc~rale est trs important, c'est mime n~cessaire pour que
les professionnels de la correction gardent & la m~moire qu'il nous faut
au moins rendre l'environnement carc~ral s~curitaire et bienfaisant. A
cette fin, dans ce texte, nousfaisons ressortir les donnes obtenues dans
trois r~centes recherches quantitatives: (1) la pr~vision des inconduites
dans la prison, (2) les types de programmes qui aident e r~duire
l'inconduite, et (3) les methodes de gestion quifavorisent l'amlioration
des conditions de vie des personnes incarc~rces et de leur gardiens.
The ongoing debate as to the effects of various aspects of incarcerated
life is absolutely necessary to remind all of us involved in the correctional
enterprise that, at the very least, we should endeavour to make our
prisons safe and humane environments. To this end, we briefly highlight
the results from three recent quantitative research summaries; the
prediction of prison misconducts, the types of programs that reduce
misconduct behaviour in prisons and proactive managerial policies that
have direct implications for improving the life of the incarcerated and
their keepers.
When the senior author first began to investigate the effects
of prison life, concerns were narrowly focused if not naive .2) In
the 1960's, Kingston Penitentiary had an inmate count of 1,000,
but only several inmates at any one time were placed in solitary
confinement and generally for only a few days! During this period,
the senior author was assigned by the Chief Psychiatrist (Dr.
George Scott) to monitor the mental health of the offenders
placed in solitary. Dr. Scott's view was that solitary confinement
Canadian Journal of Criminology  123 to 130
Revue canadienne de criminologie  January/janvier 2001

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