39 Cornell Int'l L.J. 97 (2006)
A Strategy to Address Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by United Nations Peacekeeping Personnel

handle is hein.journals/cintl39 and id is 105 raw text is: A Strategy to Address Sexual
Exploitation and Abuse by United
Nations Peacekeeping Personnel
Anna Shottont
Introduction  .....................................................  97
I. DPKO's Response to Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prior
to  20 04  ..................................................  9 8
II. DPKO's Response to Sexual Exploitation and Abuse After
20 04  .....................................................  100
III. Developing Joint Solutions with the Member States ....... 105
C onclusion  ......................................................  107
Introduction
In early 2004, The Independent, a British newspaper, sent journalist
Kate Holt to Bunia in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where the
United Nations has one of its largest peacekeeping operations (MONUC1)
with over 16,000 troops. During her interviews with the local population,
Ms. Holt was told that U.N. peacekeeping personnel had sexually exploited
and abused local women and girls.2 Shortly after receiving these reports,
the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in charge of MONUC
dispatched his officer in charge of conduct issues to Bunia to perform a
fact-checking exercise into the allegations. She uncovered evidence that
pointed to a widespread occurrence of sexual exploitation and abuse by
U.N. peacekeeping personnel.3 These allegations marked a turning point
in the U.N. Department of Peacekeeping Operations' (DPKO) response to
allegations of sexual misconduct involving its personnel.
According to the U.N., prohibited behavior that falls under the defini-
t Anna Shotton is the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) Focal Point
on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse and a Policy Officer in the newly-established DPKO
Conduct and Discipline Unit. From 2003-04, she was DPKO's Acting Gender Advisor
and prior to this she worked for the United Nations' World Food Programme in Kenya,
Sudan and Somalia in humanitarian assistance.
1. United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
See United Nations, United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of
the Congo, http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/missions/monuc/ (last visited Dec. 29,
2005).
2. See Kate Holt & Sarah Hughes, Sex and Death in the Heart of Africa, INDEPEN-
DENT, May 25, 2004, available at http://refintl.org/content/article/detail/1093/?PHP-
SESSID=94a325c7959557583ea8e779049944ee (last visited Dec. 29, 2005).
3. The term U.N. peacekeeping personnel, as used in this article, refers to all
civilians (such as U.N. staff and U.N. volunteers), civilian police, and military personnel
serving in U.N. peacekeeping operations.
39 CORNELL INT'L L.J. 97 (2006)

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