18 Chi.-Kent J. Int'l & Comp. L. 1 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/chkjicl18 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Chi.-Kent J. Int'l & Comp. L.


           Big  Picture Thinking: Judges'  Enforcement   of International Treaties

                                         Alexa Small

Introduction

       The United Nations  Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (the TOC

Treaty) and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially

women   and children (the Protocol) signifies an agreement between 187 parties, 147 of which

have signed the convention,' to combat the worldwide human trafficking epidemic, a $150-

billion-dollar industry.2 Pursuant to those goals and duties, the United States has made some

progress, which includes state and federal regulation. Independently, states have enacted

measures to combat  this issue; uniquely, the District of Columbia and a couple of other states

have implemented  a legal privilege between human trafficking counselors and victims.3

       The  TOC  Treaty's aim is to be an effective tool and [provide] the necessary legal

framework  for international cooperation in combating, inter alia, [... .] criminal activities [. ..].4

The Protocol, supplementing the TOC  Treaty, aims: (a) to prevent and combat trafficking in

persons, paying particular attention to women and children; (b) to protect and assist the victims

of such trafficking, with full respect for their human rights; and (c) to promote cooperation

among  States Parties in order to meet those objectives.5 The United States'- Senate received the





1 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, UNITED NATIONS (Sept. 22, 2016, 01:52 PM),
https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsgno=XVIII-12&chapter-18&clang=_en.
2 Human Trafficking by the Numbers, HUMAN RIGHTS FIRST (Jan. 07, 2016),
http://www.humanrightsfirst.org/resource/human-trafficking-numbers.
3 State Confidentiality Statutes, THE WOMEN'S LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND, at 15,
http://www.1sc.gov/sites/default/files/LSC/pdfs/8.%/20%/20Appendix%/20VI%/20%/20Handout%/2030%/20State%/20C
onfidentiality%20Chart%207-20.pdf.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols, December 13, 2000, S.
ExEc. REP. No. 109-4, 40 LM 335, at 2 (2001).
5id.


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