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24 Conflict Resol. Q. 1 (2006-2007)

handle is hein.journals/cfltrq24 and id is 1 raw text is: 












JIT0'S INT OD  SI


R estorative   justice practices are being used in a variety of contexts. This
     issue includes three articles that explore the effectiveness of restorative
justice processes through quantitative and  qualitative analyses. William
Bradshaw,  David  Roseborough,   and  Mark  S. Umbreit   present a meta-
analysis of fifteen studies that examined the impact of restorative justice on
the recidivism of juvenile offenders. The previous research on this relation-
ship has documented an impressive effectiveness,   but this meta-analysis
suggests further insights. These studies indicate that initially impressive
impacts  on recidivism lessen with time. The longer the period following
involvement  in victim offender mediation, the less the effect on recidivism.
The  meta-analysis also suggests that there are some notable methodological
weaknesses in this body of research that should be rectified. Mark Umbreit
and  Rina Ritter introduce an application of a restorative justice dialogue
process in a family context. This case study contributes to the restorative
justice literature by presenting a restorative justice process-dialogue-
that is less common than its better-known counterparts such as conferenc-
ing or victim offender mediation. The case study involves application in a
context  of severe cultural conflict, with the offense involving an Arab
offender and a Jewish victim. The authors discuss this context in terms of
the difficulties of using restorative justice processes. Also, Susan J. Szmania
uses a discourse analysis study to show how  mediators use their opening
statements in victim offender mediation.
    In the lead article of this issue, Laurence de Carlo describes the five-year
public decision process used  to resolve a conflict about the high-speed
French train, the TGV  Maditerrande. As she details in this case study, there
were strong tensions between the regional and local interests and the larger
national interests concerning this advance in transportation systems. After
providing  an explanation  of French  orientations to public interest, de
Carlo  explains the nature of the process and the challenges. Her analysis



    ?  WILEY
L   interScience
CONFLICT RESOLUTION QUARTERLY, vol. 24, no. 1, Fall 2006 0 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.  1
and the Association for Conflict Resolution * DOI: 10. 1002/crq.154

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