About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

36 Cato J. 17 (2016)
Occupational Licensing and Interstate Migration

handle is hein.journals/catoj36 and id is 23 raw text is: 

   Sean E. Mulholland and Andrew T. Young

   In an overview of his book with Lowell Gallaway, Out of Work:
Untemploymtent and Governmtent in Twentieth-Century Amterica,
Richard Vedder (1993: 1) states: Not only has the government con-
tributed to the instability and volatility of unemployment in several
important episodes in American history, but the overall long-term
level of unemployment has been raised by government policies; fur-
thermore, the victims of these well-intentioned government policies
have been largely the poor, the unskilled, and minorities, not the
more affluent educated middle classes. A substantial part of
Vedder's writing and research-much of it with Lowell Gallaway--
has directly or indirectly stressed this findamental reality of govern-
ment policies (e.g., Vedder, Gallaway, and Sollars 1988; Vedder and
Gallaway 1992a, 1992b).
   Much of Out of Work concerns itself withfederal government pol-
icy. However, state and local governments also pursue policies that
erect barriers between individuals and employment opportunities, and
those opportunities are often ones that require relatively low levels of
skill and experience. At the level of state governments in particular,
occupational licensing laws represent a substantial complex of such
barriers, and occupational licensing has become increasing prevalent
across the U.S. economy. In the 1950s, about 1 out of 20 American

   Cato Jounal, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Winter 2016). Copyright © Cato Institute. All rights
   Sean E. Mulholland is Professor of Economics at Stonehill College. Andrew T.
Young is Associate Professor of Economics at West Virginia University. They thank
Joshua Hall and an anonymous referee for helpful comments.

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most