61 Cath. U. L. Rev. 921 (2011-2012)
Immigration Enforcement and the Fugitive Slave Acts: Exploring Their Similarities

handle is hein.journals/cathu61 and id is 939 raw text is: IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT AND THE
FUGITIVE SLAVE ACTS: EXPLORING THEIR
SIMILARITIES
Karla Mari McKanders+
I. COMPARING THE FUGITIVE SLAVE ACTS AND PRIGG V.
PENNSYLVANIA'S CONTRIBUTION TO IMMIGRATION LAW AND POLICY ..... 925
A. 1789 Fugitive Slave Clause and the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act ......... 925
B. State  Personal Liberty  Laws ............................................................ 927
C. Prigg v. Pennsylvania and the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act .................. 929
D. The Impact of the Fourteenth Amendment's Reconstruction
Clause on the Fugitive Slave Acts and Early Immigration Law ........... 934
II. IMMIGRATION: A STORY OF FAILED FEDERALISM ............................... 939
A. Parallel Stories of the Failure of Federalism ................................. 939
B. States  and  Localities  Take Action .................................................... 941
1.  A rizona:  S.B .  1070  ...................................................................... 941
2.  A labam a: H ouse  Bill 56 .............................................................. 943
3. Georgia's Illegal Immigration Reform and Enforcement Act ...... 944
4.  U tah:  H .B .  49 7 ............................................................................  945
C. State Laws Demonstrate a Failure of Federalism ........................... 946
III. THE FUGITIVE SLAVE ACTS AND CURRENT IMMIGRATION LAWS
C REATE  O UTSID ERS  ................................................................................. 947
A. Racial Profiling and the Presumption of Illegality Against
Fugitive  Slaves  and  Immigrants ........................................................... 947
B. Membership Within a State: Are Fugitive Slaves and
Immigrants   Chattel or H umans? .......................................................... 949
IV .  C ON CLU SION  ..................................................................................... 952
Two seemingly different federal enforcement systems that affect the
movement of unskilled workers-the 1793 and 1850 Fugitive Slave Acts and
current state immigration enforcement policies-have remarkable similarities.
Both systems are political stories that are demonstrative of the failure of
federalism. The federal government's current failure to enforce immigration
laws has encouraged state and local governments to pass their own laws.
Alabama and Arizona have enacted far-reaching laws, which are similar to the
+ B.A., Spelman College, J.D., Duke University School of Law. Thank you to the Louisiana
State University Scholarship Workshop, Washington University Junior Faculty Workshop,
Emerging Immigration Professor's Workshop, and the Lutie Lytle Writing Workshop for the
opportunity to present this paper. A special thanks to Joan Hemingway, Ben Barton, Yolanda
Vazquez, Angela Banks, Kristina Campbell, Ingrid Eagly, Kerry Abrams, Kevin Johnson, and
Kenneth McKanders for extensive feedback on earlier drafts of this paper. Thank you to Caroline
Latsha for your research assistance.

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