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6 Cardozo Pub. L. Pol'y & Ethics J. 651 (2007-2008)
The Ultimate Gerrymander: Dividing Texas into Four New States

handle is hein.journals/cardplp6 and id is 657 raw text is: THE ULTIMATE GERRYMANDER: DIVIDING
TEXAS INTO FOUR NEW STATES
Ralph H. Brock*
Texas, one and indivisible.'
INTRODUCTION    ..............................................  652
I. THE STATEHOOD ADMISSION PROCESS ................ 658
A.  W  hat  Is  a  State? ..................................  658
B.  The Admissions Clause  ...........................  662
II. THE TEXAS ANNEXATION RESOLUTION ................ 663
A. The Texas Annexation Resolution Served as an
Enabling  Act  .....................................  664
B. Popular Construction of the Four New States
G uaranty  .........................................  666
III. WHETHER TEXAS FORFEITED ITS RIGHT TO DIVIDE
WHEN IT ATTEMPTED TO SECEDE ..................... 670
A. The 1850 Boundary Act Included a Savings
C lause  ...........................................  67 1
B. The Consequences of Secession ................... 672
C. The Texas Reconstruction Act Contained No
Savings  Clause  ...................................  673
IV. THE EQUAL FOOTING DOCTRINE AND THE RIGHT TO
D IVID E  ...............................................  676
A. The Equal Footing Doctrine ...................... 676
B. Additional Terms and Conditions in Statehood
Enabling  Acts  ....................................  677
C. Greater Footing is Prohibited ..................... 679
* Ralph H. Brock. J. D., Texas Tech University School of Law, 1975. A former Director of
the State Bar of Texas, the author practices in the Texas appellate courts and the Fifth Circuit.
He is a Life Fellow of the American Bar Foundation, a Life Fellow of the Texas Bar Foundation,
a recipient of the Presidents' Award from the State Bar of Texas, and a recipient of the Dan
Rugeley Price Memorial Award for legal writing and service to the State Bar of Texas from the
Texas Bar Foundation. Thanks to Carolyn F. Moore, Esq. for helpful comments and
suggestions.
I From the reverse of the Texas State Seal. TEx. GOV'T CODE ANN. § 3101.001(d)
(Vernon Supp. 2008).

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