5 Can. J. Hum. Rts. 1 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/canajo5 and id is 1 raw text is: 




      Troubling Waters: Recent Developments

          in Canada on International Law and

            the Right to Water and Sanitation



                                Karen Busbyt


   In less than a decade, Canada has moved from resisting the recognition of
   the human right to water and sanitation in international law to explicitly
   recognizing the right. This paper reviews how Canada and, tangentially, other
   countries, have not only agreed that the right is derived from international
   treaties, but have also demonstrated through statements and behaviour their
   acceptance of the human right to water and sanitation and the conviction that
   they are legally obliged to act to respect, protect and fulfil that right. These
   indicators assist in the recognition of the right in customary international law.
   Underpinning this review is consideration of the deplorable state of water and
   sanitation access in many First Nations reserves in Canada.

   En moins de dix ans, le Canada est pass6 de la rdticence ? reconnaftre le droit
   fondamental ? l'eau potable et ? l'assainissement dans le domaine du droit
   international ? la reconnaissance explicite de ce droit. Cet article traite de
   la fapon dont le Canada et, indirectement, d'autres pays en sont venus non
   seulement ? convenir que ce droit dcoule de traitds internationaux, mais
   6galement ? ddmontrer, au moyen de ddclarations et d'actions, ? la fois leur
   acceptation du droit humain ? l'eau et ? l'assainissement et leur conviction
   qu'ils sont lMgalement tenus de le respecter, de le protdger et de le rhaliser. Ces
   indicateurs aident ? la reconnaissance de ce droit dans le droit international
   coutumier. L'tude sefonde en outre sur un examen de la situation ddplorable de
   l'accs ? l'eau et l'assainissement dans de nombreuses rdserves des Premies
   Nations au Canada.


t Professor of Law and Director of the Centre for Human Rights Research at the University of Manitoba.
  I would like to acknowledge the financial assistance of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research
  Council of Canada, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the University
  of Manitoba's Legal Research Institute and Undergraduate Research Award program, as well as the
  support of the Centre for Human Rights Research. Invaluable research assistance was provided by
  Danielle Barchyn, Jared Wheeler, Faye Roberts and Jenna Seavers. I am grateful for the advice and
  feedback provided by Aimee Craft, Helen Fallding, Umut Ozsu, Benjamin Craig, David Boyd, Melanie
  O'Gorman, Jennifer Orange and Michael Anderson.

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