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32 Cal. W. Int'l L.J. 211 (2001-2002)
Discussion of a Regional Agreement for Small Cetacean Conservation in the Indian Ocean

handle is hein.journals/calwi32 and id is 217 raw text is: DISCUSSION OF A REGIONAL AGREEMENT FOR SMALL
CETACEAN CONSERVATION IN THE INDIAN OCEAN
MARGI PRIDEAUX
ABSTRACT
Multiple and cumulative anthropogenic threats are having an increasing
impact on cetacea around the world. While the International Whaling Com-
mission actively manages the twelve great whales, there are few small ceta-
cean-specific regimes. The complexity of threats and the geopolitical ranges
these animals inhabit makes an all-encompassing international regime diffi-
cult to consider at this stage. Regional agreements under frameworks such as
the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
offer a viable alternative. This article explores the efficacy of a regional
agreement over the Indian Ocean and associated seas to protect small cetacea
from the full range of anthropogenic threats they face. It also advances the
proposition that such an agreement would be a valuable step towards global
cetacean conservation, through a network of interconnected regional agree-
ments, but also through greater regional cooperation and domestic capacity
for marine management.
I. INTRODUCTION
As progress is made on the sustainable management of biological diver-
sity, the importance of linkages with ecological and economic issues also
increases... Cetacean conservation is also a field that requires coopera-
tive arrangements and management, mainly due to the important migra-
tory patterns of these marine mammals and the international trade that af-
fects them ... In order to render these synergies more efficient, it would be
advisable to include measures on cetacean conservation in the early nego-
tiations stages of international agreements and conventions.
Ph.D. candidate, University of South Australia, Centre for International Studies. I extend
my gratitude to Dr. Mike Bossley and Dr. David Lundberg for guidance and Howard S.
Schiffman for insightful comment. However, the views expressed are my own and I take re-
sponsibility for errors occurring herein. E-mail margie@whales-online.org.
1. Klaus Topfer, Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP),
Editorial, ACCOBAMS BuLLETN 3 (2000).

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