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45 Can. L. Libr. Rev. 16 (2020)
Artificial Intelligence in Canadian Law Libraries

handle is hein.journals/callb45 and id is 126 raw text is: 

liii   Artificial Intelligence in Canadian Law Libraries
By  Leanne Soares*


This article explores the current use of artificial intelligence
in the  Canadian   legal industry and   its impact on  legal
information  professionals.  The   article defines  artificial
intelligence, discusses  its history within Canada  and  the
United  States,  and  narrows   the  discussion  to artificial
intelligence in both  academic   law libraries and law  firm
settings. The  author  proposes   options for the  future of
artificial intelligence within Canadian law libraries and the
impact  it could have on law librarians.


Cet  article explore  l'utilisation actuelle de l'intelligence
artificielle dans l'industrie juridique canadienne   et son
impact  sur  les professionnels  de  /'information juridique.
L'article definit l'intelligence artificielle, discute de son
developpement au Canada et aux Etats-Unis, et limite la
discussion  d /'intelligence artificielle dans les bibliothdques
juridiques universitaires et les cabinets d'avocats. L'auteur
propose  des options pour l'avenir de /'intelligence artificielle
dans  les bibliotheques juridiques canadiennes   et l'impact
qu'elle pourrait avoir sur les bibliothecaires juridiques.


A  few years  ago, the  use of artificial intelligence (AI) by

the legal industry was  a distant thought. However,  recent
technological advancements have allowed companies like
ROSS   Intelligence, Blue J Legal, and LoomAnalyticsto bridge
the gap between   artificial intelligence and legal information.
While  the legal industry has received  artificial intelligence
positively, it is important to take a step back and evaluate
the benefits and downsides   of its use for legal information
professionals who are uncertain of how their roles will change
in this new environment.  One concern  is whether librarians
will still be needed to mediate and navigate mass  amounts
of information. After defining artificial intelligence, this article
will discuss its history within Canada and the United States,
examine   its use in law libraries in both academic and law
firm settings, and propose options for the future of artificial
intelligence within Canadian law libraries.

Defining  Al

While artificial intelligence is a well-known term, there is no
consensus  on  what exactly it is. In 1988, Lashbrooke stated
that the problem with defining artificial intelligence isthatthere
is not a singular definition of what it is.1 Barr and Feigenbaum
defined artificial intelligence as the part of computer science
concerned  with designing intelligent computer systems, that
is, systems that exhibit the characteristics we associate with
intelligence in human  behavior.2 Similarly, in 2016, Talley
stated that  a common image of artificial   intelligence is
a robot that thinks like a human  and  interacts seamlessly

Leanne  Soares graduated from the University of Toronto's Master of Information program in 2019 and is the Member Information Records Associate at
the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan in Toronto. This article was written for her Legal Literature and Librarianship course in the winter semester of 2019.
1 EC Lashbrooke, Jr, Legal Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence (1988) 34:2 Loy L Rev 287 at 295.
2 Avron Barr & Edward A Feigenbaum, eds, The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, vol 1 (Stanford, Cal: HeurisTech Press, 1981) at 3.
                  2020 Canadian Law Library Review/Revue canadienne des bibliotheques de droit, Volume/Tome 45, No. 4

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