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32 Can. J. Women & L. 1 (2020)

handle is hein.journals/cajwol32 and id is 1 raw text is: 






      Why Gladue Needs an Intersectional

             Lens: The Silencing of Sex in

          Indigenous Women's Sentencing

                             Decisions


                             Charlotte Baigent

Le present article examine comment les juges charges de determiner les peines
tiennent compte des indgalites croiskes que subissent les femmes autochtones
touchees par  'analyse de 1'arret Gladue. En passant en revue toutes les deci-
sions pertinentes sur une periode de deux ans (2017-18), l'auteure suggere que
les juges qui appliquent l'arret Gladue pour determiner les peines ne contextua-
lisent pas adequatement les circonstances specifiques aux femmes autochtones a
V'intersection du sexe et de 1'indigeneite. L'auteure pointe du doigt la reduction
au silence du genre dans la decision fondamentale de R c Gladue  et recom-
mande  une nouvelle approche -une lentille intersectionnelle - qui tient compte
specifiquement des experiences vecues par une femme autochtone en particulier
en matiere d'inegalites intersectionnelles lors de l'valuation de (1) sa culpabil-
ite morale pour une infraction et (2) des sanctions appropries dans sa situation
particuliere.


This article explores the degree to which sentencing judges consider intersecting
inequalities facing Indigenous women within the Gladue analysis by reviewing all
sentencing decisions for Indigenous women across Canada over a two-year period
(2017-18). This study suggests that sentencing judges applying Gladue are inad-
equately contextualizing the unique circumstances of Indigenous women at the
intersection of sex and Indigeneity, tracing this problem back to the silencing of sex
in the seminal decision of R v Gladue. The article recommends a revised approach-
an  intersectional lens-which specifically accounts for a particular Indigenous
woman's lived experiences of intersecting inequalities when assessing: (1) her moral
blameworthiness for an offence and (2) the sanctions that are appropriate in her
specific circumstances.


The author would like to thank Isabel Grant for supervising this project and providing
endless guidance, as well as Debra Parkes and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful
comments.


     CJWPL/RFD
doi: 1O.3138/cjwl.32.1O01

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