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33 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 673 (2015)
Free Speech Institutions and Fair Use: A New Agenda for Copyright Reform

handle is hein.journals/caelj33 and id is 698 raw text is: 







    FREE SPEECH INSTITUTIONS AND FAIR USE:
    A NEW AGENDA FOR COPYRIGHT REFORM*

                          HANNIBAL TRAVIS*

IN TRODUCTION  ................................................................................. 674
I. THE RISE OF FREE SPEECH INSTITUTIONS AND FAIR USE ............... 679
      A . Theory ............................................................................... 679
      B. Free Speech Institutions ................................................... 680
           1. The Press and the Media Industry .............................. 680
           2. The Internet and Social Media ................................... 684
      C . F air  U se  ............................................................................ 692
II. TRADE ASSOCIATION NORMS FOR INTERNET CONTENT AND
      INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ...................................................... 696
      A. Regulating Trade Associations ......................................... 696
      B. The  W ar on E-books ......................................................... 698
      C. Gouging the Blogosphere ................................................. 703
      D. Prepublication Licensing of Online Videos and Mashups 705
III. THE FIRST AMENDMENT AS A BULWARK AGAINST CORPORATE
      C EN SO RSH IP  ........................................................................... 7 10
      A. Prepublication Licensing of Free Speech Institutions ...... 710
      B. Burdens on Free Speech Institutions that Are Void for
           Their Vagueness  ............................................................. 711
       C. Banning Efforts to Inhibit Communications Markets ....... 715
IV. ANTITRUST PRINCIPLES FOR RESTRICTIVE INDUSTRY NORMS ..... 717
       A. Unjust or Discriminatory Licensing as an Assault on
           C om p etition  .................................................................... 7 17
      B. Guaranteeing Consumer Choice in Information Markets 722
V. NEW COPYRIGHT NoRMs TO PROTECT FREE SPEECH
      IN STITUTION S ......................................................................... 723
      A. The Burden Should Be on a Copyright Holder to Rebut

* Permission is hereby granted for noncommercial reproduction of this Article in whole or in part
for education or research purposes, including the making of multiple copies for classroom use,
subject only to the condition that the name of the author, a complete citation, and this copyright
notice and grant of permission be included in all copies.
* Professor of Law, Florida International University; J.D., Harvard, 1999. The Association of
American Law Schools, Section on Internet and Computer Law, selected this Article for
presentation at an Annual Meeting of the AALS, after a summary of it was submitted in response
to a Call for Papers. The author thanks Professor Mark Schultz of the Section on Internet and
Computer Law for this opportunity, and his research assistants Christian Sanchelima, Ashley
Allison, and Jessica Ciminero for their valuable assistance in preparing the manuscript.


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