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14 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 215 (1996)
Cyberlaw and Social Change: A Democratic Approach to Copyright Law in Cyberspace

handle is hein.journals/caelj14 and id is 223 raw text is: CYBERLAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE: A
DEMOCRATIC APPROACH TO COPYRIGHT
LAW IN CYBERSPACE
NIVA ELKIN-KOREN*
INTRODUCTION   ...............................................  216
I. DEMOCRACY AS PARTICIPATION IN SOcIAL DIALOGUE ..... 218
A. The Public Sphere and Democratic Theory ............. 219
B. Social Dialogue and Deliberative Democracy ........... 224
1. Indirect Influence ............................. 224
2.  Legitim acy  .....................................  228
3. Extending the Reach of Democratic Theory... 230
C. Social Dialogue as a Meaning-Making Process ......... 232
II. SOCIAL DIALOGUE IN CYBERSPACE ......................... 235
A. Decentralizing Control Over Meaning ................. 236
1. Fixity and Flexibility ........................... 236
2.  Interactivity  ....................................  241
3. Participation and Empowerment ............... 243
a. Expanding the Circle of Creators .......... 243
b.  Cut and  Paste  ..............................  245
c. Customizing the Creation Process .......... 246
B. Expanding Access to Social Dialogue .................. 249
1. Dissemination by Access ....................... 250
2. Self-Publishing and Redistribution ............. 254
3. Intermediaries and Direct Communication .... 256
4. Accessibility of Information .................... 259
III. COPYRIGHT IN CYBERSPACE AND THE FuURE OF SOCIAL
D IALOGUE  ..............................................  267
A. From Reproduction to Use ............................ 269
B. Distribution, Transmission and Access ................ 274
C.  Derivative Rights ....................................  277
D .  Fair  Use ............................................  283
1. Is Personal Use a Fair Use? .................... 283
2. The Ability to Control and License the Use ... 289
CONCLUSION   .................................................  294
* Faculty Member, University of Haifa School of Law. LL.B 1989, Tel-Aviv University;
LL.M 1991, Harvard Law School; J.S.D 1995, Stanford Law School. I am grateful to John
Barton, Yochai Benkler, Jody Freeman, Paul Goldstein, Guy Mundluk, Neil Netanel and
Margaret Radin, for their insightful comments on earlier drafts of this paper. I also wish to
thank Tal Noy and Ariel Olsewer for their valuable research assistance. The author alone
is responsible for errors and misunderstandings set forth in this paper.

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