81 B.U. L. Rev. 793 (2001)
Intellectual Property and Cultural Products

handle is hein.journals/bulr81 and id is 807 raw text is: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND CULTURAL PRODUCTS
SUSAN SCAFIDI*
IN TRO DUCTIO N  ................................................................................................ 793
I. SOCIAL DYNAMICS OF OWNERSHIP AT COMMON LAW ........................ 796
A .  D efining  Property  ......................................................................... 796
B. Concurrent Ownership of Property .............................................. 797
II. OWNERSHIP OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS .............................. 799
A. Defining the Boundaries of Intellectual Property ........................ 799
1.  The  Heightened  Role  of Law  ................................................. 800
2. Theories of Intellectual Property Protection ........................... 803
B.   Concurrent Ownership of Intellectual Property ........................... 806
C .  Unprotected  Intangibles ............................................................... 808
M1. ACCIDENTAL PROPERTY: UNINCORPORATED GROUP AUTHORSHIP
AND  CULTURAL   PRODUCTS .................................................................. 810
A. Cultural Products and Cultural Property .................................... 811
B.   Formation  of  Cultural Products ................................................... 814
C.   Control over Cultural Products .................................................... 816
1. Ownership and Authenticity ........................... 817
2.  Contested  Internal U se  ........................................................... 820
3.  E xternal  U se  ........................................................................... 822
D.   The  Incentive  to  Appropriate ........................................................ 826
E.   Misappropriation and the Destruction of Value(s) ...................... 828
F.   Perm issive Appropriation ............................................................. 831
IV. CIVIC ROLE OF CULTURAL PRODUCTS ................................................. 835
V. TOWARD A JURISPRUDENCE OF CULTURAL PRODUCTS ........................ 839
INTRODUCTION
America is a nation of nations. Our imagined community' rests not only
Assistant Professor of Law, Adjunct Assistant Professor of History, Southern Methodist
University. Thanks are due to the Hon. Morris S. Arnold and to Professors Bill Bridge,
Julie Forrester, Jeff Gaba, John Lowe, Fred Moss, Marilyn Phelan, Ellen Pryor, Paul
Rodgers, Mary Spector, Keith Terry, Jane Winn, and my esteemed colleague Jeff Trexler
for encouragement and suggestions; to fellow participants in the Commodification Futures
conference co-sponsored by the University of Denver, American University, and the
University of North Carolina, especially conference organizers Adrienne Davis, Martha
Ertman, and Joan Williams, and my co-panelists Keith Aoki and Madhavi Sunder; to Dr.
Bruce Muck for expert research assistance; and to Articles Editor Anu Balakrishna and her
staff. In addition, I wish to express appreciation for a Summer Research Grant from the
Robert Dedman School of Law at SMU, as well as a national research award from the
Center for Arts & Culture in Washington, DC.
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