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100 B.U. L. Rev. 1047 (2020)
Cycles of Threat: Graham v. Connor, Police Violence, and African American Health Inequities

handle is hein.journals/bulr100 and id is 1065 raw text is: 







                       CYCLES OF THREAT:
       GRAHAM V. CONNOR, POLICE VIOLENCE, AND
         AFRICAN AMERICAN HEALTH INEQUITIES

                             DENISE  HERD*



                               ABSTRACT
   This Essay explores how  Graham  v. Connor and  the policies it codified
contribute to multiple and interacting levels of health inequities caused by police
violence in African American communities. First, police violence leads to higher
rates of deaths, physical injuries, and psychological harm among affected
individuals. Second, police violence contributes to a general climate of fear,
chronic stress, and lowered resistance to diseases in communities even among
those not directly harmed by police. In addition, use of excessive force and
hyperpolicing in African  American  communities  reduce opportunities for
employment,  education, housing, and social integration for residents in those
areas. The socioeconomic  marginalization of these communities makes them
breeding grounds for  crime, which increases levels of policing and related
violence. Finally, Graham  illustrates how African Americans   and  other
marginalized groups suffer from police violence through framing black health
problems  as crimes needing policing and punishment instead of as illnesses
requiring treatment and other forms of public health interventions. From this
perspective, African Americans with mental health problems, drug problems,
and chronic diseases such as diabetes, as in the case of Dethorne Graham, are
targets of police violence in communities with few health resources and high
levels ofpolicing.


  * Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health; Associate Professor
of Behavioral Sciences, Director of Health and Social Behavior, and Division Head of
Community Health Sciences, University of California Berkeley, School of Public Health.
                                  1047

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