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14 B.U. Int'l L. J. 223 (1996)
It's Not Nice to Fool Mother Nature- The Mystique of Feminist Approaches to International Environmental Law

handle is hein.journals/builj14 and id is 229 raw text is: IT'S NOT NICE TO FOOL MOTHER NATURE!
THE MYSTIQUE OF FEMINIST APPROACHES
TO INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
Christopher C. Joyner
George E. Little*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.  INTRODUCTION   ............................................  224
I. FEMINIST APPROACHES TO INTERNATIONAL LAW .......... 230
A. Feminist Reconstruction of International Law .......... 232
1. The Inherent Bias of International Law ........... 232
2. Rejection of Objectivity in Feminist Theory ....... 235
3. The Distinction Between Male and Female Moral
Reasoning .........................................  237
B. Deconstructing International Environmental Law ...... 240
C. Limitations of International Environmental Law ....... 243
D. Criticisms of International Environmental Law ....... 243
1.  The  State  .......... ............................  243
2. The Public/Private Distinction ..................... 245
3. Hard and Soft Law ........................... 246
III. IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL
LAW   .......................................................  248
A.  Assumptions  ..........................................  248
B.  Principal Critiques  ....................................  250
1. The Enduring Primacy of Positive State
Sovereignty  .......................................  250
2. The Right to a Healthy Environment? ............ 255
3. Sustainable Development: A Gendered Concept?. 257
4. Women's Conventions ............................. 260
IV. RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................... 262
A. A Community Security Paradigm .................... 262
B. Women as an Epistemic Community ................... 263
V.  CONCLUSION    ..............................................  265
* Christopher C. Joyner, Professor of International Law, Department of
Government, Georgetown University. Ph.D., University of Virginia, 1977; M.A.,
Florida State University, 1973, 1972; B.A., Florida State University, 1970. George E.
Little, University Graduate Fellow and Ph.D. Candidate, Department of
Government, Georgetown University; M.A., University of Virginia, 1994; B.A.,
University of Virginia, 1994. This is a revised version of a paper presented at the
International Studies Association Convention, San Diego, California, April 16-20,
1996.

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