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35 Behav. Sci. & L. 456 (2017)
Countywide implementation of crisis intervention teams: Multiple methods, measures and sustained outcomes

handle is hein.journals/bsclw35 and id is 456 raw text is: 
Received: 4 April 2017 1 Revised: 15 June 2017 1 Accepted: 18 June 2017
DOI: 10.1002/bsl.2305


Countywide implementation of crisis intervention

teams: Multiple methods, measures and

sustained outcomes

Sheryl Kubiak Ph.D.1         I Erin Comartin Ph.D., L.M.S.W.2 I

Edita Milanovic M.S.W.1 I Deborah Bybee1 I

Elizabeth Tillander L.M.S.W.1 I Celeste Rabaut M.S.W.1 I Heidi Bisson1 I

Lisa M. Dunn M.S.A.3 I Sheriff Michael J. Bouchard C.H.P.P.4 I

Todd Hill M.I.S.4 I Steven Schneider M.S.A.4

'Michigan State University, MI, USA
          2 Wane tat UnierstyDetritMIUSA The crisis intervention team (GIT) is a tool that can be Used to foster
2Wayne State University, Detroit, Ml, USA
3Oakland Community Health Network,       pre-booking diversion of individuals with mental illness from the
Pontiac, MI, USA                         criminal justice system and into community treatment services.
4Oakland County Sheriff's Office, Pontiac, MI,  Although CIT is often implemented solely as the training of law
USA                                      enforcement officers, the modlel stipullates that CIT is a vehicle for
Correspondence                           collaboration with community stakeholders who share a similar
Sheryl Kubiak, Ph.D., Michigan State
University, School of Social Work, 655
Auditorium Drive, Baker 254, East Lansing, MI  24 hour-seven days per week drop-off option for law enforcement
48824, USA.                              officers. This case study presents the countywide implementation
Email: spk@msu.edu                       of CIT and expands previous findings on the prevalence of officer

                                         interaction with persons with mental health issies and CIT training
                                         outcomes, including changes in officer perception of indlividuals
                                         with mental health issu~es. Furthermore, analysis of the dlisposition
                                         of calls for officer assistance coded as mental health or- suicide
                                         founde significant increases in officer drop-offs to the mental health
                                         crisis center post-CIT training. Interaupted time series analysis
                                         determined that this change has been sustained over time, perhaps
                                         owing to the uniqlue commu1I~nication between county law enforce-
                                         ment and mental health staff. Implications for policy and practice
                                         are discu~ssed,.


Over the last four decades, the deinstitutionalization of people with mental illness from psychiatric hospitals into their
communities has coincided with increased contacts with the criminal justice system (Lamb & Weinberger, 2005). Local
communities, and specifically law enforcement, were not equipped with the necessary training, resources, and

456  1 Copyright C© 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  wileyonlinelibrary.com/iournal/bsl  Behav Sci Low. 2017;35:456-469.

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