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21 Brown J. World Aff. 81 (2014-2015)
Militarized Masculinities in International Relations

handle is hein.journals/brownjwa21 and id is 81 raw text is: 

Militarized Masculinities in

International Relations

              MAYA   EICHLER
              Professor of Political Studies and Women's Studies
              Mount   Saint Vincent University (Halifax)

THE  STUDY  OF WAR AND  peace in international relations must take seriously con-
structions of masculinity, as well as the gender inequality they entail. Today, the
ideal soldier is still defined as masculine and the warrior remains a key symbol
of masculinity.' Across the world, men   make  up the vast majority of armed
forces personnel and state leaders engaged in war. But as feminist international
relations scholars argue, this does not mean that men are innately militaristic,
and, by corollary, that women  are naturally peaceful. Instead, the link between
masculinity and  the military is constructed and maintained for the purposes of                81
waging  war. Militarized masculinity, at its most basic level, refers to the asser-
tion that traits stereotypically associated with masculinity can be acquired and
proven  through military service or action, and combat in particular. When state
and  military leaders aim to display strength through the use of military force
or hope  to recruit male citizens through appeals  to their masculine identity,
they are relying on and reproducing militarized masculinity. While men are not
inherently militaristic, militarized masculinity is central to the perpetuation of
violence in international relations.2
     This article draws on feminist international relations and critical masculini-
ties scholarship on militaries and war.3 These literatures point to complexities
and  contradictions in the relationship between  masculinities, militaries, and

MAYA EICHLER is Canada Research Chair in Social Innovation and Community Engagement and Assistant
Professor in the Department of Political and Canadian Studies and the Department of Women's Studies at
Mount Saint Vincent University (Halifax). Her research focuses on feminist international relations theory,
gender and the armed forces, the privatization of military security, and post-Soviet politics. Her published
work includes MilitarizingMen: Gender, Conscription, and War in Post-Soviet Russia (2012), recent articles in
Critical Studies on Security, Citizenship Studies, and International journal, and an upcoming edited volume
Gender and Private Security in GlobalPolitics (early 2015). She currently serves as an Associate Editor for
the International Feminist Journal ofPolitics.
Copyright @ 2014 by the Brown Journal ofWorldAffairs


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