21 Brown J. World Aff. 223 (2014-2015)
Improving the Incentive of the FDA Voucher Program for Neglected Tropical Diseases

handle is hein.journals/brownjwa21 and id is 485 raw text is: 








Improving the Incentives of

the FDA Voucher Program for

Neglected Tropical Diseases



              CAMERON GRAHAM ARNOLD
              Master's Student
              London  School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

              THOMAS   POGGE
              Director of Global Justice Program
              Yale University


THE  LARGEST  EBOLA   OUTBREAK   TO date-first  detected in December   2013
and  still ongoing as of April 2015-has   cast new light on the  shortfalls of                223
international public health systems.' As in previous health crises, scrutiny has
reemerged  over the pharmaceutical industry's ability and willingness to innovate
new  medicines for underserved disease areas. The public debate has intensified
following revelations that promising drug candidates to treat Ebola had gone
undeveloped  despite compelling  preclinical results.2 This lack of development
is especially troubling because it occurred after a recently implemented U.S.
incentive scheme-the   Food and  Drug Administration's (FDA)  tropical disease
priority review voucher program-designed   to counteract exactly this problem.

CAMERON GRAHAM ARNOLD is currently completing a Masters of Science in Public Health at the London
School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine with a focus in health economics. He has nearly five years of
experience working in various analytical roles within the biopharmaceutical industries in Denmark and
the United Kingdom. Arnold is the recipient of two Richard U. Light Fellowships and holds a Bachelor
of Arts from Yale University, where he majored in East Asian literature and Mandarin Chinese. He will
matriculate to medical school in fall 2015.

THOMAS POGGE is Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs and founding Director of the
Global Justice Program at Yale University. He holds part-time positions at King's College London and the
Universities of Oslo and Central Lancashire. Pogge is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science, as
well as President of Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP) and of Incentives for Global Health. Pogge's
recent publications include Politics as Usual (Polity 2010); World Poverty and Human Rights (Polity 2008);
and Freedom fom Poverty as a Human Right (Oxford & UNESCO 2007).
Copyright @ 2015 by the Brown Journal ofWorldAfairs


SPRING/SUMMER 2015 * VOLUME XXI, ISSUE II

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