11 Bitacora Millennium DIPr. 1 (2020)

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  ¿Tienen competencia los Juzgados de lo Social para ejecutar resoluciones
                          dictadas en otro Estado? *


 Do the Employment Courts have jurisdiction for the enforcement of judgments
                       given by Courts of another State?




                                        FRANCISCO JOSÉ MARTÍN MAZUELOS

             Presidente de la Sección 2a (Civil) de la Audiencia Provincial de Huelva
                 Miembro de la Red Judicial Española de Cooperación Internacional




Resumen: Desde un punto de vista más práctico que doctrinal, se pretende dar una
visión del criterio que establece el Auto dictado por la Sala de Conflictos del Tribunal
Supremo con fecha 16 de octubre de 2019 que, resolviendo el conflicto negativo de
competencia entre un Juzgado de Primera Instancia y otro de lo Social, decide que es
competente este último para la ejecución de una resolución dictada por un tribunal
francés concediendo una indemnización derivada de un contrato laboral. Se indica la
dudosa compatibilidad del criterio seguido con la normativa nacional y europea y los
problemas que plantea su extensión a otras jurisdicciones.

Palabras clave: Competencia. Ejecución de resoluciones. Contratos de trabajo.

Abstract: From a more practical than doctrinal point of view, it is intended to give an
overview of the criterion set out in the Order of the Spanish Supreme Court dated 16
October 2019, which decides the negative conflict of jurisdiction between a civil Court
of First Instance and an Employment Court and rules that the latter has jurisdiction for
the enforcement of a judgment given by a French court granting compensation arising
from a contract of employment. This paper points out the questionability of that
criterion, under the view of the national and European law, and the problems that it
poses by its extension to otherjurisdictions.


* Fecha de recepción del original: 31 de diciembre de 2019. Fecha de aceptación de la versión final: 5
de febrero de 2020.

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