13 Barry L. Rev. 103 (2009)
When the School Bully Attacks in the Living Room: Using Tinker to Regulate Off-Campus Student Cyberbullying

handle is hein.journals/barry13 and id is 105 raw text is: WHEN THE SCHOOL BULLY ATTACKS IN THE LIVING ROOM:
USING TINKER TO REGULATE OFF-CAMPUS STUDENT
CYBERBULLYING
Karly Zande*
It lowers my self esteem. It makes me feel really crappy. It makes me walk
around the rest of the day feeling worthless, like no one cares. It makes me very,
very depressed.
- Twelve Year Old Cyberbullying Victim'
INTRODU   CTION   ................................................................................................. 104
I. CYBERBULLYING       EXPLORED    ......................................................................... 106
A .  D efining  Cyberbullying   ........................................................................ 106
B. Differences Between Cyberbullying and Traditional Bullying ............... 109
II.  STUDENT   FREE  SPEECH    ISSUES ..................................................................... 113
A. Supreme Court Authority on Free Speech in the Schools ....................... 113
B.   Fleshing  Out the  Tinker Test ................................................................. 115
1. Material and Substantial Disruption under Tinker ........................... 115
2.   Impinging on the Rights of Other Students under Tinker ................. 117
III. THE CYBERBULLYING DILEMMA ................................................................. 119
A. Courts     Holding    Off-Campus       Speech    Cannot be      Curtailed   by   the
S chools ................................................................................................. 12 0
B. Applying a True-Threat Analysis .......................................................... 121
C. Courts Using a Tinker Analysis in Off-Campus Student Speech Cases.. 122
D. Courts Applying a Hybrid Approach to Tinker for Off-Campus Student
Sp eech  .................................................................................................. 124
1. Finding a Nexus Before Applying Tinker ......................................... 124
2. Conducting an Intent-Based Analysis ............................................... 125
IV. TINKER SHOULD GOVERN OFF-CAMPUS STUDENT CYBERBULLYING ........... 126
A. Cyberbullying Should Only Be Used to Describe Incidents Between Two
M  inors  .................................................................................................. 127
B. Courts Should Employ Tinker to Analyze Whether Schools can Regulate
Off-Campus     Cyberbullying ................................................................... 128
*    J.D. 2009, (summa cum laude), Michigan State University College of Law; B.A. 2006 (with high
honors), Michigan State University. The author would like to thank Professor Kristi Bowman for her help and
advice in writing this Article.
1.    Share Your Cyberbullying Story, http://www.cyberbullying.us/shareyourstory.php (last visited Mar. 3,
2009) (chronicling the experiences and feelings of real-life victims of cyberbullying).

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 2,700 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Access to this content requires a subscription. Please visit the following page to request a quote or trial:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?