14 Ave Maria L. Rev. 123 (2016)
The Fall of Fertility: How Same-Sex Marriage Will Further Declining Birthrates in the United States

handle is hein.journals/avemar14 and id is 129 raw text is: 








                    THE FALL OF FERTILITY':
      HOW SAME-SEX MARRIAGE WILL FURTHER
   DECLINING BIRTHRATES IN THE UNITED STATES

                           Jason S. Carroll, PhD

                           Walter Schumm,   PhD

                              INTRODUCTION

     The current debate over the definition of marriage is typically portrayed
 as a decision to expand or extend the boundaries of marriage to include
 same-sex couples.  This argument, however,  rests on the assumption that the
 basic nature of marriage will remain largely unchanged by granting marriage
 status to same-sex partnerships and that all this policy change will do is absorb
 same-sex partnerships within the existing boundaries of marriage and extend
 the benefits of marriage to a wider segment of society. Indeed, the very term
 same-sex marriage implies that same-sex couples in committed relationships
 are already a type of marriage that should be appropriately recognized and
 labeled as such. But this understanding, which lead to the recent legalization
 of same-sex marriage by the United States Supreme Court, is flawed in that it
 fails to recognize how defining same-sex partnerships as marriages signifies a
 fundamental change  in how marriage  will be collectively understood and the
 primary social purposes for which it exists.
    In a  formal statement  prior to the Supreme  Court's  decision, seventy
prominent  academics  from all relevant disciplines expressed deeper concerns
about the institutional consequences of same-sex marriage for marriage itself,
concluding  that [s]ame-sex marriage  would  further undercut the idea that
procreation is intrinsically connected to marriage and undermine the idea





    1.  This article is adapted from the authors' Brief of Amici Curiae by the Scholars of Fertility and
Marriage in Support of the Respondents and Affirmance in Obergefell v. Hodges filed April 3, 2015 and
from their article, The Fall of Fertility, portions of which was published April 22, 2015 with PUBLIC
DISCOURSE, an online publication of the Witherspoon Institute, which can be found at
http://www.thepublicdiscourse.com. THE WITHERSPOON INST., MARRIAGE AND THE PUBLIC GOOD: TEN
PRINCIPLES 18 (2006).
    t Jason S. Carroll, Ph.D. is a professor in the School of Family Life at Brigham Young University and
a Fellow of the Wheatley Institution who has published over 100 scholarly publications on marriage,
sexuality, and family life.


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