4 Austl. & N.Z. Mar. L.J. 3 (1987)

handle is hein.journals/ausnewma4 and id is 1 raw text is: Salvage and the environment
Brian Makins *
Peter McQueen **
Brian White ***
This is the text of a paper presented to the thirteenth annual MLAANZ
Conference at Maui between 17-22 November 1986.
It is noteworthy that in this International Year of Peace, the International
Maritime Organisation (IMO) has chosen as its theme for World Maritime
Day Global Co-operation for Safety at Sea and the Protection of the
Marine Environment - thereby echoing IMO's objective ofcleaner seas
and safer ships.'
It is now timely to consider the developments which have taken place in
the law of marine salvage over the last 20 years. The technological and
economic developments in international shipping during this period have
pointed up the inadequacies of the 1910 Salvage Convention and the
pressing need for change in the law and practice of marine salvage,
particularly having regard to the developed awareness in the international
community of the environmental consequences which can result from
marine casualties. The developments which have taken place can be seen as
a reflection of the need to establish sufficient incentives for salvors to ensure
the protection of the marine environment.
These developments have been prompted substantially by environmental
concerns, not least of which is the desire of coastal states to protect their
coastlines. These concerns have placed pressures upon the traditional law of
salvage. It is the purpose of this paper to highlight the responses which have
been made to these pressures by the international community at both
industry and governmental levels.
Historically, salvage services, to qualify for a reward, have required the
presence of three essential elements - danger to property which is a proper
• Corporate Lawyer and Secretary, ACTA Shipping, Sydney.
•* Solicitor, Ebsworth and Ebsworth, Sydney.
•** Solicitor, Brian White and Associates, Port Moresby.
1 SamirMankabady,ed, The InternationalMaritime Organisation (IMO) -Its Major Works
Croom Helm, London 1984.

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