50 Am. U. L. Rev. 1039 (2001-2001)
Suspending and Expelling Children from Educational Opportunity: Time to Reevaluate Zero Tolerance Policies

handle is hein.journals/aulr50 and id is 1057 raw text is: SUSPENDING AND EXPELLING CHILDREN
FROM EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY:
TIME TO REEVALUATE ZERO TOLERANCE
POLICIES
ALICIA C. INSLEV
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction  ...................................................................................... 1040
I.  Background ............................................................................. 1043
A. The History of Zero Tolerance Policies .......................... 1043
1. Disciplinary methods from the 1960s to the 1990s .. 1043
2. The Federal Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994 and its
afterm ath  .................................................................... 1046
B. Challenging State Interpretations of the Gun-Free
Schools Act of 1994 .......................................................... 1050
C. Case Law Regarding School Discipline .......................... 1051
D. Procedural and Substantive Due Process Challenges to
Disciplinary Decisions ...................................................... 1055
II. Key Problems Regarding Zero Tolerance Policies ................ 1057
A. Effect of the Media on School Safety Issues ................... 1058
B. Questions    Regarding   the   Effectiveness  of Zero
Tolerance Policies ............................................................ 1061
C. How Zero Tolerance Policies Undermine Education ... 1064
D. The Guarantee of Alternative Education ....................... 1066
E. The Psychological Effects on Children ........................... 1069
F. The Criminalization of Youth ......................................... 1070
Conclusion ......................................................................................... 1073
. J.D. Candidate, 2002, Amerian University, Washington College of Lau, American
Univesity Law Reivezt, B.S., 1997, Univasity of Maylan4 College Park. I dedicate this
Comment to the many children whose courage and perseverance inspired me
throughout my time in AmeriCorps. Special thanks to Adam Theriault, Ambre
Howard, Liz File and my family for their unqualified love and support, and my
editor, RussellJ. Upton, for his invaluable guidance and assistance.

1039

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